The Prado already exhibits the Fillol painting that was taken from the Bellas Artes de València

The Prado already exhibits the Fillol painting that was taken from the Bellas Artes de València
The Prado already exhibits the Fillol painting that was taken from the Bellas Artes de València

He Prado Museum has included ‘The satyr’ of Antonio Fillol in the exhibition on social art that opened this week and where four other paintings by the Valencian artist are also exhibited, as well as works by Joaquin Sorolla or Ignatius Pinazoamong others.

This painting, one of Fillol’s best-known and most controversial, It had been exhibited since 2014 at the Museum of Fine Arts of Valencia, which had it on loan, until last June when the Madrid art gallery bought it from the artist’s family for 110,000 euros.

The large painting, which addresses rape and child abuse, was censored as immoral and exhibited only once. She then fell out and was not heard from again until several decades later. In 2014, the artist’s heirs gave it to the Institut Valencià de Restauració so that in exchange for its restoration it could be exhibited in a Valencian museum. And so it was until the Prado acquired it.

Art and social transformations

Now, The Satyr is part of the temporary exhibition “Art and social transformations in Spain (1885-1910)”, where the Prado brings together artists who, like Fillol, dared to capture the important social changes of that period such as work accidents, medicine or prostitution.

The exhibition, which It can be seen until next September 22, shows the impact of social changes on the art of the late 19th century and early 20th century through nearly 300 works – large format painting, sculpture, photography, lithographs, posters – that provide the opportunity to approach social art between the liberal governments of 1885 and 1910.

The exhibition is organized into sections that deal with the most relevant themes in two ways: through painting and sculpture in the largest spaces and through photographs, watercolors, lithographs or etchings in small cabinets.

In the first section, work in the field appears, where you can see works by Sorolla, a painter who is also present in the sections dedicated to sea tasks, work accidents, advances in medicine, ethnic discrimination or workers’ demands. .

A painting by Sorolla has also been included in the section dedicated to prostitution, where we also find a painting by Fillol (The human beast), of whom ‘The Defense of the Hut’ or ‘The Friends of Jesus’ are also exhibited, as well as ‘The Satyr’.

Other filloles in the Prado

Antonio Fillol (València, 1870-Castelnovo, Castelló, 1930) he trained at the San Carlos School of Fine Arts, with Ignacio Pinazo. A fervent admirer of Joaquín Sorolla, he is known for his costumbrista and regionalist, with a wide gallery of folklore types and scenes. It belongs to the Prado ‘The glory of the people’which was the second medal at the National Exhibition of 1895, ‘The defense of the hut’ and ‘The human beast’, of naturalistic inclination. Within religious painting, the Museum has ‘The friends of Jesus’a Symbolist composition from 1901, and a ‘Self-portrait’ from 1915, which the author himself donated to the Museum of Modern Art on October 23, 1917, from where it would go to the Prado in 1971. These works are now added ‘The satyr’.

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