Lisbon’s main index registers losses at the end of operations this May 13

Lisbon’s main index registers losses at the end of operations this May 13
Lisbon’s main index registers losses at the end of operations this May 13

This year the markets have registered constant volatility. (Infobae)

Bearish day for the PSI 20which ended the day on Monday, May 13, with drops in 0.58%until the 6,871.86 points. He PSI 20 recorded the maximum number of 6,881.21 points and a minimum of 6,838.48 points. The trading range for the PSI 20 between its highest and lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day it stood at the 0.62%.

Taking into account the last week, the PSI 20 notes an increase in 3.29%which is why for a year it has still maintained an increase in 12.84%. He PSI 20 is located a 0.58% below its maximum of this year (6,911.82 points) and a 13.48% above its minimum rating so far this year (6,055.53 points).

A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the value of a certain set of assets changesso it collects data from different companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various countries and each of them can be integrated by firms with specific requirements such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry. In addition, there are some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.

Stock market indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy, and stock investment performance and shares of an entity. If investors do not have confidence, stock prices would tend to fall.

Likewise, they function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make comparisons between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully investigated how company shares tended to rise or fall in price together, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses

Currently in our economy there are various indices and They can be agglomerated depending on their geography, sectors, company size or also the type of asset.For example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of being measured, but the main component is the market capitalization of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in the market.

Firms that appear on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. This report must be made public every three or six months, as appropriate.

Reading a stock index also requires taking into account its variations over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be a source of misunderstandings.

If one index adds 500 points in a day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the first one performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be deduced that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were more important.

Between the main US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Likewise, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, there appears Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index that contains the most prominent companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In Asiawe have the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Also, the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the preponderant in China, made up of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about Latin Americayou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most outstanding firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Finally, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.

 
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