Main Swiss indicator registers losses when starting operations

Main Swiss indicator registers losses when starting operations
Main Swiss indicator registers losses when starting operations

This year the markets have registered constant volatility. (Infobae)

Negative day for him Swiss Marketwhich opens the day on Tuesday, May 14, with drops in the 0.55%until the 11,703.11 points, after the start of the opening session. Regarding the changes of this day with respect to past days, the Swiss Market ends six sessions of positive streak.

In relation to the profitability of the last seven days, the Swiss Market marks an increase in 3.31%so in the last year it still accumulates a rise of 1.56%. He Swiss Market is located a 0.74% below its maximum of this year (11,790.46 points) and a 5.51% above its minimum price so far this year (11,091.58 points).

A stock index is an indicator that shows how the value of a given set of assets changesfor which it uses data from different companies or sectors of a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of each country and each of them can be integrated by firms with different specificities such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indices that only consider a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.

Stock market indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy, and stock investment performance and shares of an entity. If investors lack confidence, stock prices tend to fall.

Likewise, they function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to compare profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. observed carefully how company shares tended to rise or fall together in price, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses

Currently in our economy there are various indices and They can congregate based on their geographic location, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of calculating, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond in the corresponding stock market by the total shares that are in the hands of the investors.

Companies that appear on the stock market are required to present a balance of its composition. This report must be submitted every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also requires noticing its variations over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can lead to inaccuracies.

If one index gains 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the first index performed better. But, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be derived that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were larger.

Between the main US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Likewise, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally comes the Nasdaq 100which links 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. He too DAX 30, the main German index that contains the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In the asian continentthe main stock indices are the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the most notable in China, made up of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about Latin Americayou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most consolidated firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to the capital of magnate Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.

 
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