The Nikkei 225 rises 0.51% after opening operations on May 21

The Nikkei 225 rises 0.51% after opening operations on May 21
The Nikkei 225 rises 0.51% after opening operations on May 21

This year the markets have registered constant volatility. (Infobae)

Good start to the day for him Nikkei 225which begins the session on Tuesday, May 21 with slight increases in 0.51%until the 39,268.71 points, after opening. Analyzing this data with that of previous days, the Nikkei 225 accumulate two consecutive sessions of profits.

In the last week, the Nikkei 225 records an increase in 2.38%for this reason in the last year it still maintains an increase in 33.62%. He Nikkei 225 is located a 3.96% below its maximum of this year (40,888.43 points) and a 17.97% above its minimum price so far this year (33,288.29 points).

A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a set of assets changes.for which you need to have data from several companies or sectors in a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the countries’ stock exchanges and each of them can be integrated by firms with specific requirements such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry, there are also some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.

Stock market indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy, and stock investment performance and shares of a company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices tend to fall.

Likewise, they function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make a comparison between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully analyzed how company shares tended to rise or fall in price together, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses

Today in humanity there are various indices and They can be agglomerated depending on their geography, sectors, company size or even the type of asset.For example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of calculating, but the main component is the market capitalization of each firm that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the day’s value of the share in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are on the market.

Companies that appear on the stock market are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be disclosed every three or six months, as appropriate.

Reading a stock index also requires taking into account its evolution over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can confuse.

If one index sees an increase of 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the first one performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be concluded that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were greater.

Between the major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which is made up of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally comes the Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. Furthermore, the DAX 30, the main German index that contains the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In Asiathe main stock indices are the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, which appears as the most notable in China, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about Latin Americayou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most influential firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.

 
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