Opening of the KOSPI: South Korean market gains 0.76% this June 18

Opening of the KOSPI: South Korean market gains 0.76% this June 18
Opening of the KOSPI: South Korean market gains 0.76% this June 18

This year the markets have registered constant volatility. (Infobae)

Positive opening for the KOSPIwhich opens on Tuesday, June 18 with increases of 0.76%until the 2,764.83 points, after the start of the opening session. Comparing this data with that of previous days, the KOSPI reverses the value of the previous day, in which it marked a drop of 0.13%, showing in recent days a lack of stability in the results.

If we consider the data of the last seven days, the KOSPI marks an increase in 2.2%%so that in the last year there is still an increase in the 5.9%. and a 13.5% above its minimum price of the current year (2,435.90 points).

A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the value of a set of assets changes.for which it collects data from several companies or sectors in a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of different countries around the world and each of them can be integrated by firms with certain characteristics such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.

Stock market indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy, and stock investment performance and shares of a company. Generally, if investors lack confidence, stock prices tend to fall.

Likewise, they function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to compare profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. carefully investigated how company shares tended to rise or fall in price together, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses

Currently there are various indices and They can join together based on their geographical location, sectors, company size or also the type of asset.For example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies largely related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of being measured, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in circulation in the market.

Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be disclosed every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also means noticing its changes over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.

If one index increases 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the first one performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be concluded that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were greater.

Between the main stock indices in the American Union There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which is made up of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, which comprises 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, it is necessary to mention the Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index that contains the most outstanding companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In the asian continentthe main stock indices are the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the main one in China, made up of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about the latin american regionyou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most influential firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.

 
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