This new plan aims to maintain current levels of exposure of farm animals to antibiotics and a 15% reduction in exposure of dogs and cats. The plan also promotes more widely for the first time the rational use of antimicrobials and antiparasitics.
Since 2011, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Sovereignty has been committed to reducing the use of antibiotics in animal health with the management of the Écoantibio 1 (2011-2017) and Écoantibio 2 (2017-2022) plans. Thanks to the strong involvement of stakeholders, the objectives of the Écoantibio 1 and 2 plans were largely achieved. According to data published by ANSES, between 2011 and 2022, the exposure of animals to antibiotics in France decreased by 52% and the exposure of animals to certain veterinary antibiotics critical to human health, such as 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, decreased. by more than 90%.
The 25 actions of the Écoantibio 3 plan are organized into 5 axes:
- Prevention against the emergence and spread of resistance to antimicrobials and antiparasites in livestock and pets;
- Training, awareness and commitment in the field of antimicrobial and antiparasitic resistance in animal health, in a “One Health” dynamic;
- Research and monitoring of resistance to antimicrobials and antiparasitics in animal health;
- Maintenance, improvement and development of a therapeutic arsenal favorable to the appropriate use of antimicrobials and the optimization of prescription practices in animal health;
- Fight against resistance to antimicrobials and antiparasitics in animal health, from the territorial to the international level.
November 18, 2023/ Ministère de l’Agriculture et de la Souveraineté Alimentaire/ France.