Expert confirms “rise in cancer cases among younger people, especially women”

Expert confirms “rise in cancer cases among younger people, especially women”
Expert confirms “rise in cancer cases among younger people, especially women”

Lately we have learned about the diagnosis of cancer in young peoplewhich has various analyzes from different areas of medicine. One of them is the one offered by Dr. Camilo García de la Barradirector of the Medicine program at the Andrés Bello University, Viña del Mar campus.

«The diagnosis of cancer in young people, such as Kate Middleton and Daniela Nicolás, has generated concern and questions about the possible increase in this disease in this age group. Although the incidence of cancer increases with age, “In recent years, an increase in cases has been observed among younger people, especially women.”contextualize.

At the same time, the health professional points to the “factors that could be conditioning this scenario”, alluding to a series of variables that he then breaks down.

“Changes in lifestyle: Smoking, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and poor diet are risk factors. known for cancer. “These habits have become more common in younger generations, which could contribute to the increase in cases,” he says.

Additionally, mentions “exposure to environmental carcinogens”stating that “air pollution, ultraviolet radiation and some chemicals present in the environment can increase the risk of developing cancer.”

“Exposure to these factors has increased in recent decades, which could be influencing the incidence of the disease,” he emphasizes.

Genetic factors are also a relevant factor for García. «Some people have a genetic predisposition to cancerwhich means that they are at greater risk of developing the disease if they are exposed to certain risk factors,” he maintains.

“Genetic testing can help identify people at highest risk, but much is still unknown about the interaction between genes and environmental factors,” he says.

Furthermore, it mentions that «hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy and menopause They may increase the risk of certain types of cancer, such as breast and ovarian cancer. These are normal, but some factors, such as the use of oral contraceptives, or hormone replacement therapy, can further increase the risk.

Quitting smoking is essential

On the other hand, it alludes to the importance of early detection. «Early diagnosis of cancer increases the chances of successful treatment. However, some types of cancer, such as pancreatic or ovarian cancer, are difficult to detect in their early stages, which can contribute to a less favorable prognosis in young people.

Continuing with his analysis, he comments on the existence of “Various studies that support the trend of increasing cancer in young people. A study published in the journal Nature Medicine in 2020 found that the incidence of cancer in young adults aged 15 to 39 increased 2% annually between 1975 and 2014.

“Another study, published in JAMA Oncology in 2019, found that the cancer death rate in young adults ages 25 to 39 increased by 1% annually between 1990 and 2014.”

Regarding prevention as an approach strategy for facing cancer at an early age, it alludes to the importance of not smoking. “Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death from cancer. Quitting smoking or never starting to do so is essential to reduce the risk of cancer,” he emphasizes.

Vaccination and early detection

“Obesity increases the risk of several types of cancer,” He then comments, highlighting the need to maintain “a healthy diet and engage in regular physical activity,” which “can help maintain a healthy weight.”

Furthermore, he says, “Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer of the liver, mouth, throat and esophagus. “Drinking in moderation, or avoiding alcohol altogether, can reduce the risk.”

«Excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun increases the risk of skin cancer. Using sunscreen, protective clothing, and avoiding sun exposure during peak hours can help protect the skin,” she adds.

Also, a valid option for other types of cancer is the medicinal approach to prevent this type of diagnosis. «Some vaccines, such as the vaccine against HPV (Human Papillomavirus), can help prevent certain types of cancer, such as cervical cancer and some types of head and neck cancer,” he illustrates.

Finally, he alludes to the importance of undergoing “early detection tests, such as mammography for breast cancer and colonoscopy for colon cancer,” which “can help detect cancer in its early stages, when treatment is necessary.” more effective”.

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