Santiago de Cuba on World Earth Day

Santiago de Cuba on World Earth Day
Santiago de Cuba on World Earth Day

April is the sweet prelude to the consecration of spring, one of the four seasons that involves a special stop every 22nd day of the fourth month of the year, dedicated to Pacha Mamathis common spaceship that we must take better care of: the earth.

The origin of this celebration for International Earth Daypart of the need to promote sustainability and action for the climate and the environment, according to the proposal that emerged in 1968 by the United States Public Health Service and the Human Ecology Symposium that allowed for better reflection on the environment and biodiversity in relation to the health of people and animals.

Santiago de Cuba does not escape this environmental concern when every year “more than 4.7 million hectares of forests are lost”, greenhouse gas emissions occur, the lack of control of untreated wastewater, drought and increased temperatures, greater risks for species, aridity of soils, forest fires and lower fertility for planting.

Santiago de Cuba does not escape environmental concern. In image, controlled wetland on the grounds of the railway terminal in the southern part of the city. Photo: Santiago Romero Chang.

Yes ok “Cuba registers 0.1% greenhouse gas emissions, while the United States registers 20%”; Our province also has its emergencies in the social economic development plan until 2030, hence the work on macro-programs such as the Turquino-Manatí Plan and micro programs, for example, the sanitation of the local bay. There is the Life Task that involves research, active efforts by decision-makers and community managers, education and frequent actions to counteract negative impacts on the coastal environment.

The policy is clear and involves in Santiago de Cuba the judicial, executive, legislative powers and the press in its protagonism that cuts across all of society and spheres, based on the Santiago environmental strategy, understood as the set of well-thought-out actions, from the adverse conditions that the human being himself created and the consequent responses from the community, the neighborhood and the home.

Let us not forget that since 1997, Cuba has had Law 81 on the Environment, an instrument for quality of life, health and ecosystems, a legal budget that protects all types of coherence in management, studies and local strategies in Santiago: coastal management , agriculture, renewable energy sources, water resources, construction and local ecology, among others.

The Life Task exists in Santiago de Cuba and has been reviewed since April 2017 and the provincial delegation of Citma (Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment) works in three directions: “restore ecosystems, ensure that infrastructure has levels of reconversion, in order to improve technology and preserve natural resources.” It means measuring the effectiveness of the strategy, indicators such as the ecological footprint, climate resilience and Santiago’s environmental quality.

Surveillance and the fight against crimes are essential, how does the Office of Environmental Regulation and Safetyin the face of illegalities, the role of systematic inspection, feedback and the timeliness of the database.

Santiago de Cuba has more than twenty different plant formations, including cloud and rain forests; implies a ecosystem with a variety of flora, moss, lichens, ferns and endemic flowering plantsreflection of a part of this natural treasure in the so-called Protected areas Santiago where there will always be few responses from men and women for the sake of the conservation, care and development of the common home: the earth.

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