CÓRDOBA LABOR MOBILITY | Córdoba ‘exported’ 67,077 workers in 2023, the lowest figure in the last decade

CÓRDOBA LABOR MOBILITY | Córdoba ‘exported’ 67,077 workers in 2023, the lowest figure in the last decade
CÓRDOBA LABOR MOBILITY | Córdoba ‘exported’ 67,077 workers in 2023, the lowest figure in the last decade

In 2023, Córdoba exported a total of 67,077 workers to the rest of Spain. Almost 70,000 Cordobans found employment in other provinces, according to the latest data from interprovincial mobility of the Public Service Employment State (SEPE), the lowest figure since 2013, when 61,911 Cordobans were hired abroad. Of the 607,101 Andalusian workers who went to work in other provinces in 2023, 11% were from Córdoba, with Córdoba being the third province from the bottom in labor mobility, after Almería and Jaén.

According to Ana Belén Acaíña, Secretary of Employment of CCOO in Córdoba, «although the number of workers who have left in search of employment is the lowest in a decade, Córdoba continues to be a province of emigrants, that is, more workers leave than enter. and this is fundamentally due to our productive structure. In her opinion, “The two sectors on which the Cordoba economy is based are agriculture and services.which are the ones that generate the most contracts but also the ones that offer the least stability in employment and therefore, the ones that register the most labor mobility.

Graphic. Geographic mobility of hiring in Córdoba (data 2023)

[Pincha aquí para ampliar el gráfico]

Neverthelessthe balance between those leaving and those coming was negative again (-10,185), after registering 33,415 contracts of people arriving from abroad compared to the 43,600 Cordobans employed in the rest of the country. Andalusia is the community from which the most workers emigrate, a characteristic that is repeated year after year in the historical series and that in 2023 was accentuated, contrary to what happened in the majority of issuing communities, according to the SEPE, which reduced the difference between entries and exits. The community of Madrid (74,176), Catalonia (38,649), Murcia (35,274) and Castilla la Mancha (30,096) are the ones that receive the most Andalusian personnel in their companies.

By sex and level of education

If we look at the majority profile of people who emigrate to work, by sex, Men are the ones who move the most. In 2023, the number of foreign men hired in Córdoba was twice that of women (33,415 compared to 12,575) and they also left Córdoba in a similar proportion (43,600 men and 23,477 women). Regarding the training level of workers who emigrate, the vast majority have primary education (24,993) or, in the best of cases, they have completed ESO (15,815). In any case, the negative balance is repeated at all levels, also in Higher Education, with 8,252 Cordobans with higher education hired abroad compared to 3,552 hired from other provinces. In fact, The highest mobility rate is among university students, although in numerical terms they are less.

According to Acaíña, «Córdoba has to make a greater effort to train and qualify its workers so that they have more options within the province itself and must also explore new sources of employment where jobs can be generated that attract those who decide to leave. For CCOO, the majority of those who leave do so out of obligation, because here they cannot find a job that allows them to cover all their needs».

The mobility figures that occur in the agricultural sector in Córdoba are striking, since a very similar number of people enter and leave. While the Córdoba countryside hired 26,642 workers from other parts of Spain last year, others 27,736 left to work in the same field, a fact that reflects the search for better working conditions and the forced mobility of agricultural workers, who are forced to go to different jobs to stay active throughout the year. For CCOO, “it is not surprising if we think that The countryside agreement in Córdoba is the worst in Andalusia and that workers receive the SMI, with salary tables that have not yet been updated.

Labor exchange in Andalusia

The exchange of labor between Andalusian provinces is constant. Seville is once again the main recipient of the labor mass that leaves Córdoba (17,906) and also the most common place of origin of those hired in the province (13,426). The second most frequent destination for those leaving is Málaga, followed by Jaén and Madrid in fourth place. Malaga receives more than double the number of workers (10,249) of those who arrive in Córdoba from the coast (4,762). For its part, the Services sector is the one that expels the most labor from Córdoba, with a negative balance in 2023 of 18,448 workers.

According to Acaíña, «Many people with low qualifications look for a job opportunity in the hospitality industry, and in the service sector in general, an opportunity that they cannot find in Córdoba and that forces them to move to other provinces, fundamentally to Malaga, where the hospitality industry offers them many more opportunities, or Seville. For CCOO, It is urgent to undertake the reindustrialization of the province. “We cannot forget that the fact that more workers leave than arrive represents a loss of talent and productive force.” This information from Diario CÓRDOBA is the first work in a series of two x-rays prepared on the occasion of May Day.

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