First constitutional government of the province of Neuquén

First constitutional government of the province of Neuquén
First constitutional government of the province of Neuquén

Ángel Edelman was born in Villaguay, Entre Ríos, on April 1, 1898 and died in this capital in June 1967. He was the son of José Edelman and María Esther Schapiro. They had settled in Neuquén in 1904. He studied at the National College of Concepción del Uruguay, and in 1908 he began in journalism, collaborating with the newspaper Neuquen, founded by him and Abel Chaneton. As a child he wrote the novel Greed. In March 1931 he founded the weekly The range until 1948 when he retired (he was the first retired journalist from Patagonia). One of the initiatives that he founded and directed was the Edelman Commercial Guidein the 20’s, and the Edelman Tourism Guidein 30. In 1951 he edited with his brother Samuel Governments of the future and in 1954 territorial memories, his masterpiece. He held numerous positions. He was a councilor in the municipality of Neuquén, among others. Due to an illness that afflicted him, he had to resign from office in 1961 and continued to head the Alfredo Asmar provincial government. He was founder and first president of ACIPAN, vice president of CALF, vice president of the cultural affiliate of the Casa Neuqueniana, member of the Board of Historical Studies of Neuquén. He taught Democratic Education classes at the National Industrial School. And guest lecturer at the Universidad del Sur. He formed his family with Esther Argentina Dodero. His children were Perla Esther, Ángel José, Esther Emelina Emma and Adolfo Pio. The work of his son Ángel José (born in 1928) was also very relevant for the people of Neuquén.

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Don Ángel Edelman. Photo: Edelman family.

Don Victor Aníbal García He was the first Mayor of the city of Neuquén. He served from May 1, 1958 to April 25, 1962.

He was born in San Luis on November 15, 1906. He settled in Neuquén at the end of the 1920s. He was a teacher and worked in schools 62 and 121 in the capital, as well as in the Military School of the 181st Engineer Battalion.

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Victor Aníbal García. Photo: Municipal Historical Archive.

This first municipal government was in Neuquén with 18,000 inhabitants, dirt streets, no fluorescent gas lighting, and serious housing problems. Luckily he received the support of prominent neighbors and the Deliberative Council.

Initiatives in the city

Important works were carried out during the mandate of Víctor García, such as the creation of the Municipal Institute of Social Security, the Municipal Market, defense works were carried out due to alluviums that consisted of stepped dikes in the ravines over an area of ​​4,000 hectares. Forestation of the walls was also carried out. It was possible to install public lighting powered by mercury gas.

Drilling was carried out to obtain irrigation water for the forests and plantations, in what is now Parque Norte. Public lands were urbanized. The purchase of 12,000 hectares was made from the New Spain Society, to the north, towards where the city extended, and which would later be occupied by the National University of Comahue, the Industrial Park, the Alta Barda neighborhood and other surrounding areas. 108 blocks were paved and, among other initiatives, the First Statute and ranking of municipal personnel came into effect.

Víctor García had an active social life: he was a founding member of the Juan Bautista Alberdi Popular Library, founding manager of the board of ex-prisoners, president of the Neuquén Water and Energy Cooperative CALF between 1949-1954, promoter of the regional cooperative movement. He was also a farmer and president of the Neuquén Fruit Cooperative. He is a radical militant of the UCRI, Unión Cívica Radical Intransigente, of the sector led by Arturo Frondizi; The UCRP was led by Ricardo Balbín. In 1962, a coup d’état overthrew President Frondizi and General Osiris Villegas was sent to Neuquén as intervener.

García left the municipal position and ran as a candidate for governor for the Popular Revolutionary Alliance, but Felipe Sapag triumphed, representing the MPN. He died at the age of 75, on May 6, 1981. As always, I thank the Municipal Historical Archive for being the custodian of these memories.

Sixty-six years have passed since May 1, 1958 when Neuquén began to travel its provincial path, accompanied by the Municipality. Today we once again honor those men who gave the initial push to the province of Neuquén.

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