Large Huila in agricultural industrialization

Large Huila in agricultural industrialization
Large Huila in agricultural industrialization

Agriculture has historically been one of the fundamental pillars of the Colombian economy, providing employment, food and raw materials for various industries.

However, in recent decades, the agricultural sector has undergone significant changes due to industrialization. This process has generated debates and controversies about its impact on the environment, society and the country’s economy.

But agricultural industrialization has also had negative consequences for the environment. The intensive use of agrochemicals has caused soil and water contamination, affecting biodiversity and the health of rural communities.

Additionally, deforestation caused by the expansion of commercial agriculture has contributed to climate change and the loss of natural habitats. On the other hand, in recent times, agricultural industrialization has encouraged the adoption of more sustainable practices, such as conservation agriculture and the use of renewable energy.

Some companies and organizations have implemented environmental certification programs, good agricultural practices to mitigate their negative impact on the environment.

Agricultural industrialization refers to the process by which modern technologies and practices are introduced into agricultural production in order to increase efficiency, productivity, therefore profitability. In the case of Colombia, this process has been marked by the adoption of machinery, the application of agrochemicals, and the introduction of genetically modified varieties in crops.

One of the main drivers of agricultural industrialization in Colombia has been the search for food security and competitiveness in international markets. The government, as well as businessmen, have promoted the modernization of the countryside as a strategy to increase production and reduce dependence on food imports.

All unions in the country have important challenges to modernize the countryside, strengthen agricultural activity, and fight for the vindication of the Colombian countryside. Thus, the Colombian countryside is one of the sectors that expects the most from the government.

Colombia must strengthen an industrial policy, in production, this is where wealth is generated, this is one of the central axes of the National Government’s policy. The first step is in the field, the reforms must also focus on the financing of the social programs that are proposed.

We have to build a more equitable society, which begins by solving the land problem. This cannot only remain in the hands of large companies and landowners, marginalizing small producers and exacerbating social inequalities in the countryside; The expansion of monocultures and the appropriation of lands have displaced entire communities, affecting their ways of life and culture, an unequal tax system is not valid to industrialize the country, if you want to industrialize Colombia, you must modernize the countryside, as well The hunger that affects millions of Colombians is being faced.

Ending hunger has a lot to do with the land, with agriculture, food production, with fertilizers that do not affect the environment; It is a mission to end hunger.

Our country is considered a food pantry, Colombian agribusiness represents around 7% of the country’s total GDP and 7.4% of total exports. In economic terms, agricultural industrialization has contributed to GDP growth and the development of the agroindustrial sector in Colombia.

The production of crops such as coffee, bananas and flowers has increased significantly thanks to the application of modern technologies and the expansion of international markets. This shows a clear inclination towards agriculture and the urgent demand for modernization of the countryside.

Even more so if we consider the increase of almost 70% in food production, projected for 2050, to provide food for the people who will inhabit the world. However, even with the government’s efforts, work in the small-scale Colombian agricultural sector is rudimentary and traditional. This leads to land degradation and low production, preventing smallholder farmers from competing in national and international markets on a level playing field.

To move towards a more sustainable model of agricultural development, it is necessary to adopt a comprehensive approach that takes into account not only productivity and economic profitability, but also social equity, environmental conservation.

This involves promoting more sustainable agricultural practices, such as agroecology, organic agriculture, that respect natural cycles and biological diversity. Furthermore, it is essential to strengthen the participation, as well as the protagonism of rural communities in decision-making about the use of land and natural resources.

This includes the recognition of the territorial rights of indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples, as well as support for family and peasant agriculture as an engine of rural development. Likewise, greater investment is required in research and development of appropriate technologies for sustainable agriculture, which are accessible and adaptable to local conditions.

This includes the development of disease-resistant crop varieties adapted to climate change, as well as the promotion of integrated pest and disease management practices. Finally, it is necessary to promote public policies that encourage the diversification of agricultural production and the creation of inclusive and equitable value chains. This includes supporting marketing and access to local and regional markets, as well as promoting responsible consumption and healthy eating.

In Huila, progress is being made in the new model of productive development, in which several strategies are being advanced that aim to implement a new model of long-term socioeconomic and productive development; In terms of production, we seek to delimit the exclusive rural agricultural land to produce in a more orderly manner in accordance with the vocation, aptitude of our territories and the market, and not in an intuitive way, which is why work has been developed for 22 productive chains. , from which emerges an agricultural extension plan, irrigation plan, formalization plan for rural properties, and a logistics plan for agriculture. (Agrologistics, set of planning, implementation and control activities of logistics processes in the supply chains of the agricultural sector, through the central logistics axes: institutionality and regulations; human, social, business capital; infrastructure, services, and information).

It is important to mention that Huila is the largest coffee producer in the country, with more than 18% of the total national production and the largest producer of specialty coffees in the world.

During the last 13 years, the department of Huila has remained in first place for coffee production in Colombia. The joint work between producers, coffee institutions, the public and private sectors, among others, has guaranteed maintaining this first place during all these years. years.

The governor of Huila Rodrigo Villalba Mosquera carried out a day of institutional articulation work on a tour of the Buencafé freeze-dried plant located in Chinchiná (Caldas), this visit being very useful, it will be of great help to the department on the path of industrialization .

The Government of Huila has a roadmap, with a medium and long-term action plan, with productive planning, rural land planning, productive infrastructure, the use of technologies and institutional commitment are established, which allows guidance investments, determining which areas can be established in which a certain type of crop can be established, not only depending on the suitability of the soil, but also on financial viability, so that production guarantees success for farmers; that productivity indicators begin to change.

With an investment close to 13 billion, the National Government leads, through a popular public alliance, the guarantee of the resource for the construction of a rice processing plant for the Association of Users of the Land Adaptation District (Asojuncal), The President of the Republic, Gustavo Petro Urrego, together with the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Jhenifer Mojica, arrived in the Palermo municipality to lay the first stone of a plant that will change the lives of rice farmers who depend on this activity for their livelihood. .

This public-private alliance has co-financing from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Rural Development Agency, Asojuncal, the Colrice Fund, Fedearroz, as well as the Government of Huila.

The project includes drying, packaging, storage and threshing equipment, which will benefit more than a thousand people in the region and will allow small rice farmers to no longer depend on the purchase price of large processors, but will have the opportunity to generate their own brand, manage fair prices and benefit from the entire production chain.

With political will, aiming at associativity, capitalization of small agricultural producers so that they develop the countryside, provide food for Colombians, generating wealth and employment, people can begin industrialization processes on their property, that should be the model agrarian program that is promoted in the country, converting unproductive lands into productive ones.

By: María Fernanda Plazas Bravo
X: @mafeplazasbravo
Engineer in Water Resources and Environmental Management
Political Marketing Specialist – Government Communication
university extership of Colombia

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