Bufalera Gibraltar, 50 years with the buffalypso breed in Chinchiná (Caldas)

Bufalera Gibraltar, 50 years with the buffalypso breed in Chinchiná (Caldas)
Bufalera Gibraltar, 50 years with the buffalypso breed in Chinchiná (Caldas)

THE HOMELAND | Chinchina

The buffaloes Marisol, Topa and Celina They are tame and allow themselves to be touched by tourists. Celina is 22 years old and at each milking she gives an average of 8 liters of milk.

These animals belong to the Gibraltar herd, one of the oldest buffalo farms in Colombiawith 50 years of experience.

The property is located in the San Francisco River sectoron the limits between Chinchina (Caldas) and Marseilles (Risaralda).

Over there they raise these specimens with a dual purpose benefit: meat and milk productionwhich include byproducts such as cheeses ripened with garlic, jalapeño or fine herbs, butter and coastal whey. Meanwhile The meat is processed by a third party to whom they sell the live cattle..

Luis Fernando Sanín Jaramillo, manager of the Gibraltar Bufalerahighlights that in 28 hectares of pastures it breeds and reproduces the buffalypso breedfrom Trinidad and Tobago. ensures that This breed was introduced by his father, the rancher and businessman Diego Sanín, who also founded Gibraltar. He died in 2021 at the age of 84.

the beginning

Don Diego was the president for 18 years of the Caldas Livestock Fund, an entity that later became the Centro Livestock Fund. Then it was called Buffalo Background until 2013 when they liquidated it.

Gibraltar has not always worked in this sector of Chinchiná. The herd was set up in the 70s on a property in the sector of Purnio in The Goldenbut in 2000 he was transferred to the San Franciscowhere it is today.

Luis Fernando remembers that his dad imported buffaloes for a project of the extinct Incora that was going to be developed in Guapi (Cauca), but it failed. For this reason, Don Diego bought the animals and He moved them to his farm in La Dorada.

The first purchases

This importation took place in April 1967. It included 30 females, 5 players and 5 buffaloes for work. In 1970, they imported 110 more breeding females, some descendants of Lolita, a cloned buffalo. ensures that those animals were hungry and that, since they passed into the hands of the Sanín family, They gained weight and gave good milk.

Now The farm continues to grow in its buffalo projectswell It also already has a national and external tourism projectwhich includes the buffalo milkinga guided tour of the propertya story about the history of livestockreproduction and other agricultural tasks.

The farm also has a organic certification and now raises and reproduces ducks and pigs.

The truth is Celina, Marisol and Topa continue to be the protagonists of the Gibraltar herd and attracting and captivating tourists.


Luis Fernando Sanín Jaramillo is agricultural engineer from the University of Santa Rosa de Cabal (Risaralda) and buffalo production specialist from the University of Sao Paulo and Uberaba in Brazil.

Key moments

Sanín Jaramillo talks about two key moments in his buffalo herd.

  • The first was when his father acquired a breeding stock of the La Baldao buffalo, so called because it gave a bucket of milk of about 10 liters, while the rest of the buffaloes produced 5 liters per day. The entire lineage of his farm comes from this La Baldao buffalo.
  • The second moment was when he crossed one of his breeding stock with daughters and granddaughters of the same animalwhich resulted in a inbreeding (or inbreeding) that produced buffaloes without defects and preserved the productive qualities of the breed.

The reproduction

Mounting is done by natural means with the male. Fernando says that he prefers this way and not by insemination because with that method some characteristics of the species are lost, such as rusticity and the longevity of this race, well A buffalo of this species lives about 35 years and gives birth to about 25 offspring during its reproductive stage.. In fact, Celina the buffalo is the oldest on the farm.

An anecdote

Fernando recalled that On one occasion he challenged some foreigners who arrived in Colombia with the Murrah breed of buffalo.. “The foreigners said that their buffaloes were better and they disparaged the buffalypso breed.” In dairy competitions, remember, “He gave them soup and dry food with their animals.“.

He compared: While a Murrah buffalo gave 7 liters of milk in one milking, those of the Buffalo breed produced about 22 liters.. On other occasions he wanted to experiment with Murrah and Mediterranean breeds, but they did not give good results and he continued with the traditional Buffalo.

In figures

  • Of 16 buffaloes that they bought in the 70s went on to have 110 animals.
  • Currently they milk 8 buffaloes that produce 40 liters of milk daily.
  • A buffalo can give birth to 25 animals in 30 years of life.
  • In one hectare of pasture you can have about 4 buffaloes.
  • La Bufalera Gibraltar is located 40 minutes of the urban area of Chinchina already 5 minutes of the El Trébol hamleton the way to Marseilles (Risaralda).

In colombia

  • According to Colombian Agricultural Institute (ICA) the population Bufalina is distributed in 3,708 propertieswhich represents a decrease of 38.8% compared to 2023. This decrease in properties was mainly generated by livestock mobilizations to other municipal and departmental areas.
  • The census of buffalo cattle corresponds to 563,372 buffalo animalswhich represents an increase of 14.1% compared to 2023. 84% of the population is concentrated in 8 departments: Córdoba with (15%), Santander (14%), Magdalena (13%), Bolívar ( 12%), Antioquia (12%), Sucre (7%), Cesar (6%) and Caquetá (5%).
  • The president of the Departmental Committee of Livestock Breeders of Caldas, Andrés Jaramillo Bernal, remembered that andHis introduction began mainly with the management and entrepreneurial plans of Caldas.
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