Dengue-like virus is already around in Colombia, is there a risk in Cúcuta?

Dengue-like virus is already around in Colombia, is there a risk in Cúcuta?
Dengue-like virus is already around in Colombia, is there a risk in Cúcuta?

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an epidemiological alert, warning that in recent months there has been an increase in the detection of cases of Oropouche fever, in some South American countries, including Colombia.


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It is a virus similar to dengue that is transmitted to humans mainly through the bite of mosquitoes. Culicoides paraensis and Culex quinquefasciatus which generally cause fever, severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, chills, and sometimes persistent nausea and vomiting for 5 to 7 days.

“Although most patients progress favorably and recover spontaneously in the first five to seven days, some may experience persistent fatigue and weakness and possible neurological complications have been described (such as aseptic meningitis or encephalitis) or hemorrhagic diseases,” PAHO said in a statement.

Colombia

In Colombia, the last reported cases (87) occurred between 2019 and 2021, highlighting that these were reported in the cities of Cali, Leticia, Villavicencio and Cúcuta and were identified through retrospective laboratory analysis of samples of febrile illness cases. acute.


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According to PAHO, on March 12, 2024, Colombia reported two positive cases of Oropouche, identified in samples from the departments of Amazonas and Meta out of a total of 187 samples collected up to that point from all over the country.

However, according to the National Institute of Health (INS) as of May 4, 38 cases of Oropouche virus infection have already been identified in the country in patients from the departments of Amazonas (33 cases in Leticia and 2 in Puerto Nariño), Caquetá (1 in Florencia), Meta (1 in Guamal) and one case from abroad (Tabatinga, Brazil; on the border with Leticia).

61% of the cases corresponded to men and close to 80% were between 10 and 29 years old, specifying that all the cases presented mild clinical symptoms, that is, none were hospitalized and all have been recovering satisfactorily.

However, the INS called on territorial entities to strengthen entomological surveillance, vector control and personal protection measures for the population at greatest risk.


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