Córdoba, the province that did not accompany the May Revolution | Milei will celebrate this Saturday in the place that fought the First Junta

Córdoba, the province that did not accompany the May Revolution | Milei will celebrate this Saturday in the place that fought the First Junta
Córdoba, the province that did not accompany the May Revolution | Milei will celebrate this Saturday in the place that fought the First Junta

The patriotic movement of 1810 was born in Buenos Aires and spread throughout the provinces, although it found a focus of endurance In cordoba. May Week is usually summarized in this way: on May 17, 1810, news reached Buenos Aires of the fall of the Junta of Seville, the last bastion of monarchical authority in Spain after Napoleon’s invasion. The people of Buenos Aires debate the power vacuum because Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros occupies a position that in fact does not represent the authority of Fernando VII.

On May 20, and with no less support from the head of the militias, Cornelio Saavedra, the call to the Open Town Hall is obtained in two days and there to debate the form of government and whether Cisneros should remain in office. On the 22nd, positions clash.

Bishop Benito Lué argues in favor of Cisneros. Juan José Castelli advocates for a new authority until Fernando VII returns to the throne. Saavedra proposes to delegate power to the Cabildo and the motion is accepted, while the Viceroy is dismissed by 155 votes against 69. The Town Council begins to debate how the governing body will be composed.

Trustee Julián de Leyva is working on the formation of a provisional board, headed by Cisneros himself, which will generate rejection when announced on May 24. Thus we arrive at what would happen the next day, on the date that marks the origin of what will be the Argentine Republic.

On May 25, Cisneros resigns from heading the board that emerged from the Open Town Council on May 22. The viceroy gives in to the popular pressure led by Antonio Beruti and Domingo French, and which rejects the intermediate solution between those who asked for a meeting in his place and those who wanted to keep him in office. He assumes the First Junta, which swears fidelity to Fernando VII and undertakes to govern in his name until the Bourbon returns to the throne.

Counterrevolution from Peru

The Board chaired by Saavedra demanded recognition and subordination of the provinces. It was an oath that viceroys had never required upon assuming office. On May 28, the capitulars were reluctantly sworn in. The representatives of the Royal Court did it almost secretly, without ceremony, in what Alejandro Horowicz defines, in The country that explodedas “forms of passive resistance of traditional institutions before militia power”.

Resistance to the new order was embodied by the viceroy of Peru, who had not been sworn in as viceroy of the Río de la Plata in 1804 and went to Lima: Jose Fernando de Abascal, Marquis of Concordia. This reacted with the provisional incorporation of the provinces of Upper Peru to his jurisdiction.

On July 13, 1810, Abascal signed a manifesto in which he rejected what happened in Buenos Aires and vilified the First Junta: “Men destined by nature to only vegetate in darkness and dejection, without the energetic character of virtue, and with the humiliating weakness of all vices aspire to achieve the vile ephemeral representation with which execrable crimes mark great criminals.” “. The executing arm of the counterrevolution would be a former viceroy, 800 kilometers from Buenos Aires.

Liniers resist in Córdoba

Santiago de Liniers, hero of the Reconquest of Buenos Aires after the English invasions of 1806 and 1807 and viceroy until 1809, opposed the First Junta. He was in Córdoba when the news of what happened on May 25 arrived. Precisely, the Cabildo of Córdoba did not agree to the proclamation of the porteños. On June 7, the same day that the G began to be publishedazeta from Buenos Airesletters from the Buenos Aires government arrived in Córdoba urging compliance with what was decided on May 25. One of those letters, addressed to Liniers, was signed by Saavedra.

A fervent defender of the Crown, Liniers saw in the triumph of the Revolution the consolidation of the mercantile bloc, that is, the political victory that the English had not achieved by force in the Río de la Plata after taking control of the Atlantic at the battle of Trafalgar (1805). And he decided to fight the Junta.

Execution of Liniers, on August 26, 1810.

Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo’s forces had no problems driving back Liniers’ men, who was captured on August 6. The Board decided to send a message to Abascal and ordered the execution of Liniers. Manuel Alberti, who was a priest, was the only member of the Board who did not sign the order.

Then, The wayward Cabildo of Cordoba was already in the hands of the revolutionaries, but received the news that Ortiz de Ocampo refused to shoot Liniers for having fought under his command. Finally, Juan José Castelli traveled to enforce the order. On August 26, 1810, Domingo French commanded the platoon that put Liniers under arms in Cabeza de Tigre.

The war of independence was brewing and the counterrevolutionary focus of Córdoba had been defeated. 214 years later, a president will remember May 25 in the Cabildo from which the opposition to the first national government was promoted.

Erected in 1610, the Town Hall of Córdoba today is the headquarters of the Municipality’s Secretariat of Culture. At your side, The Police Information Department (D2) operated during the last dictatorship and today it is the headquarters of the Archive and the Provincial Memory Commission, dependent on the Secretariat of Human Rights.

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