Information note from the Ministry of Public Health

Information note from the Ministry of Public Health
Information note from the Ministry of Public Health

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has issued an epidemiological update on the presence of Oropouche Fever in the Region of the Americas.a virus transmitted by vectors of the genus Culicidae (mosquitoes) and Culicoides (gnats), with regular transmission of the same in rural and urban communities in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Panama, Peru and Trinidad and Tobago. So far this year, the disease has been reported in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru.

The clinical picture that manifests as a consequence of the disease is mild, preceded by an incubation period of 5 to 7 days, which is characterized by fever, headaches, muscle and joint pain, and sometimes vomiting and diarrhea are also reported. No serious or critical cases or deaths have been reported associated with the virus. There is no specific treatment, only general measures to relieve symptoms.

Through the monitoring and surveillance actions of non-specific febrile syndromes in the province of Santiago de Cuba, the presence of the Oropouche virus was identified in two Health areas of the municipalities of Santiago de Cuba (Ernesto Guevara) and Songo La Maya (Carlos J. Finlay), from samples studied at the national reference laboratory of the Pedro Kourí Institute (IPK).

All cases have evolved favorably with improvement in symptoms between the third and fourth day after the onset of the disease.

Entomo-epidemiological actions are developed to cut the chain of transmission and achieve control of the disease in the shortest time possible.

Ministry of Public Health

Republic of Cuba


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