Constituent in Colombia: this is what the former presidents think about Gustavo Petro’s proposal

Constituent in Colombia: this is what the former presidents think about Gustavo Petro’s proposal
Constituent in Colombia: this is what the former presidents think about Gustavo Petro’s proposal

Iván Duque, Juan Manuel Santos, Álvaro Uribe and Ernesto Samper expressed their objections to Gustavo Petro’s proposal – credit Colprensa – AP – EFE

An unprecedented event caused the proposal of President Gustavo Petro, which consists of carrying out a constituent assembly in Colombia through the peace agreement signed in 2026 by the State and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) in the Government of Juan Manuel Santos. , alleging that the implementation of the commitments agreed in this process, such as agrarian reform, the transformation of the territory and judicial truth, has not been carried out.

The former presidents Juan Manuel Santos, Iván Duque Márquez, Álvaro Uribe Vélez and Ernesto Samper Pizano agreed in their assessments regarding this initiative and rejected that it is protected by Colombian regulations, thus settling their position with respect to that of the first president, who with the support of his former chancellor Álvaro Leyva Durán put the issue on the national agenda.

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Although there are marked differences between them, The former presidents seem to have one point in common: respect for the Political Constitutionso each one expressed, in their own way, their concerns related to the purpose of the current president, who seems not to budge on his intentions with a possible process in this Colombian political context.

In this wave of rejections of Petro’s proposal, the first to refer to this proposal was Santos, in a video posted on social networks. The former president, who governed between 2010 and 2018, stated that using the peace agreement with the FARC to carry out a constituent assembly is an absurd act. Furthermore, he clarified that this was one of the “red lines” that were maintained in the negotiation.

“Any attempt to do it by other means would be opposed by the vast majority of Colombians,” added Santos, who stressed that the State has tools to implement the peace process. “And it does not require a constituent, nor special agreements, but political will and the ability to translate intentions into realities,” the former Colombian president remarked in his video.

The former president of the Republic Juan Manuel Santos spoke about the proposal to convene a national constituent assembly to implement the Government’s peace agreement with the extinct FARC – credit @JuanManSantos/X

For his part, Duque Márquez, who was in power between 2018 and 2022, made it clear that what Petro intends is to seek a constituent without following what he considered the procedures stipulated in Colombian laws. “in order to perpetuate themselves in power, using as a pretext the Agreement with the FARC or a possible contract by adhering to the pretensions of the ELN”.

Likewise, Duque emphasized that the president must serve his term until August 7, 2026, but not one day more nor one day less. “Any attempt to violate the constitution must be responded to firmly by all institutions. The united country will reject any attempt to break with legality,” he added in his statement that in recent weeks has intensified its criticism.

The former president again criticized the possibility of a constituent assembly in the country – credit Iván Duque / X

Likewise, Uribe attacked Santos, whom he pointed out as one of the culprits of a poorly made peace agreement. He “He thought that his vanity was superior to Colombian democracy and citizen character. He left more violence and has the audacity to say that the ‘conflict’ is over,” the former president indicated on his social network,

“With this mess, Santos helps the constituent assembly, since the violence indicates that the ‘conflict’ continues and has increased. “They knock down the foundations of the building and believe they can hold it.”the former president highlighted in his position, in which he also pointed out that with his statement Santos “implicitly” accepted that if the conflict had not ended, the mechanism promoted by Petro could be summoned.

With this message, former president Álvaro Uribe Vélez attacked Juan Manuel Santos and the peace process with the FARC – credit @alvarouribevel/X

For its part, The last to join the group of former presidents who expressed their opinions on the implementation of a constituent was Samper, who led the country between 1994 and 1998 and who has become famous for his closeness to the president, as on different occasions he has come out in defense of his initiatives; although on this occasion they are on different political sides.

The former president was emphatic in saying that although he understands what the calling of a Constituent Assembly would be to facilitate the implementation of the Havana peace agreement, he indicated that if it will be done it will be as indicated in articles 374 and 376 of the Magna Carta; Therefore, he distanced himself from any procedure that is not tied to said constitutional order. He even spoke of a “de facto constituent.”

“In light of these current regulations It is not possible to legitimize the convocation of a constituent assembly in the Havana peace agreement signed between the State and the FARC: would be a de facto constituenta leap into the void of institutionality that would begin by ignoring Congress and the Constitutional Court,” indicated the former head of state through his X profile.

In this part of the extensive publication of former president Ernesto Samper, you can see his postulate regarding the constituent initiative – credit @ernestosamperp/X

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