San José Market in Xalapa: what is the history of its construction – Diario de Xalapa

San José Market in Xalapa: what is the history of its construction – Diario de Xalapa
San José Market in Xalapa: what is the history of its construction – Diario de Xalapa

Located in the historic neighborhood of San José, the Mercado Alcalde y García has a high value not only as an economic and social center but also as an architectural center..

What is the history of the Alcalde y García Market in Xalapa?

Furthermore, an interesting fact is that It was built in front of the Barracksin a space that It worked in the 20s of the last century as a wooded area and park with games for girls and boys.

Although there was already a project from the 1930s, the beginning of the work was in 1943, when the city was inhabited by 40 thousand people.approximately.

The limits were, south, The dam; to the north, the Mission Cross; to the westCoapexpan, and thisLa Piedad, practically what Today it is the historic center of the state capital.

Between 40 and 50they were already seeking to solve water problems, Drainage was introduced and telephony was expanded; He had begun paving, as well as defining the boundaries of the estates, expropriating land to widen streets.

The inhabitants came from Xico, Teocelo, Naolinco and Coatepec, and foreigners also contributed to the construction of a new landscape.

In addition to this information collected by the architect Polimnia Zacarías Capistrán, the researcher states that Loans were requested for the construction of the market, even from a bank.

As part of her work in the academic body “Sustainable Environments”, line “Public space, heritage and emerging community processes”, the academic from the Universidad Veracruzana says that In its beginnings, the market known as San José had a very rigorous construction process..

The contract was signed by the then Mayor Luis Benitez and the trustee Eduardo Pabello with the National Construction Companywith the intervention of the National Urban Mortgage and Public Works Bank.

The person in charge of the project was architect Enrique Solano and the weight of the Bank was such that it determined the project and even the materials. In total 35 plans are identified.

The building has expressive ornamental elements that are identified in the colonial, but its construction based on concrete and other materials marks a watershed in the step towards modernity.he points out.

In tracing the construction aspects, the researcher says that at the time the binoculars placed in the center, inside the market, were novel.

In addition, the use of plastocement was discussed, since previously materials such as stone were used; They sought to make public works truly efficient in all its aspects.

He shares that the project was later reviewed by the architect Alberto Mendozawho described the place as “not appropriate” because he foresaw mobility problems.

In a report still preserved, the architect also questions the dimensions of the sidewalks and stairs, “It was a functionalist hand that reviewed in detail.”

“There is a neocolonial architecture and a style that is collected from the past, but an architectural intention of the present to efficiently resolve functionality”points out Zacarías Capistran in his sabbatical year research.

Another building he studies is the one located in front of the marketthe Peasant’s Housewhich also worked as headquarters of the League of Agrarian Communities; Previously it was a tobacco factory.

The Mayor and García Marketwhich was the main wholesale and retail trade center of Xalapa, until the arrival of the Central de Abasto (2000), Today it remains a reference point.

In addition to the sale inside, Every Thursday there is an interesting movement with the arrival of merchantswho sell fruits, vegetables, dairy products and mushrooms, to name a little of what can be purchased in this emblematic Xalapa space.

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