Simón Trinidad, former commander of the FARC, received amnesty from the JEP

Simón Trinidad, former commander of the FARC, received amnesty from the JEP
Simón Trinidad, former commander of the FARC, received amnesty from the JEP

The former commander of the FARC, Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pineda, alias Simón Trinidad, received amnesty from the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). In the decision, notified this Monday to the Government, it is indicated that the former member of the Secretariat of that illegal armed group will have this benefit for the crime of rebellion.

In the 25-page decision issued by the Amnesty or Pardon Chamber of the JEP, it was determined that the former guerrilla commander meets the established requirements to receive the legal benefit for this conduct within the internal armed conflict. In September 2023, the JEP had already accepted the submission of Simón Trinidad.

“In this case, Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pinedaupon receiving the benefit of amnesty, with the objective of guaranteeing the permanence of said special criminal treatment, must submit to a regime of conditionality before the JEP that has its superior normative basis in the Constitution, through Legislative Act 01 of 2017, which establishes that the SIVJRNR seeks to provide a comprehensive response to the victims and, therefore, the different mechanisms and measures of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition cannot be understood in isolation,” the ruling states.

In the analysis of the case, the Amnesty or Pardon Chamber concluded that in this case the conduct of rebellion It is amnestiable for complying with the scope of application of time, as it occurs before the signing of the Final Peace Agreement; in September 2016. Likewise, it was concluded that due to his position, membership and career in the FARC, the crime of rebellion for Simón Trinidad is a political crime that is amnestiable.

In granting the amnesty, the Court ordered that the knowledge of this process being carried out in the amnesty be adapted “to the amnesty scenario.” Second Criminal Court of the Deputy Circuit of Decongestion of Quibdó, Chocófor the crimes of homicide of a protected person, personal injury to a protected person, acts of terrorism, use of illicit means and methods of war, destruction of property and facilities of a health nature and destruction or illicit use of cultural property and places of worship

With this decision, the JEP explained in a statement, that Simón Trinidad must sign the conditionality regime with the JEP and, in addition, he must specify as many details as possible related to his life within the guerrilla.

In this decision, the Amnesty or Pardon Chamber also commissioned the Office of Attention to Victims of the JEP and to the Investigation and Prosecution Unit to locate the victims of the events that occurred in Bojayá and Vigía del Fuerte between May 1 and 3, 2002, and give them the opportunity to express whether they wish to be procedurally linked to the process or present appeals. .

Simón Trinidad is currently in the Florence maximum security prison, in the United States, serving a sentence of 60 years in prison for the kidnapping of three American contractors, Thomas Howes, Keith Stansell and Marc Gonsalves, whose plane was shot down by the FARC on February 12, 2013 in the Guaviare jungles.

This is the decision of the JEP

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