JEP granted amnesty to ‘Simón Trinidad’, former FARC commander, for the Bojayá massacre

JEP granted amnesty to ‘Simón Trinidad’, former FARC commander, for the Bojayá massacre
JEP granted amnesty to ‘Simón Trinidad’, former FARC commander, for the Bojayá massacre

Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pineda is currently in a United States prison – credit Leon Dario Peláez/JEP

The Amnesty or Pardon Chamber of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) decided to grant a pardon to former FARC-EP commander Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pineda, better known by his alias Simón Trinidad, for the crime of rebellion.

The Amnesty or Pardon Chamber (SAI) of the JEP granted amnesty to Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pineda, known as ‘Simón Trinidad’, for the crime of rebellion“, indicated the JEP on June 24 about the process against the 73-year-old man who is imprisoned in the United States.

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Among the arguments presented by the JEP is that rebellion is an “amnestiable crime”, in addition, that the specific event was recorded before the signing of the Peace Agreement in 2016. With this decision, Simon Trinidad must sign a conditionality regime with the justice component in which it undertakes to contribute to the repair of the greatest number of cases and data to contribute to the truth.

“In this case, Juvenal Ovidio Ricardo Palmera Pineda, upon receiving the benefit of amnesty, with the objective of guaranteeing the permanence of said special criminal treatment, must submit to a regime of conditionality before the JEP that has its superior normative basis in the Constitution, through Legislative Act 01 of 2017, which establishes that the SIVJRNR seeks to provide a comprehensive response to victims and, therefore, the different mechanisms and measures of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition cannot be understood in isolation,” it is stated. read in the ruling.

This is the ruling with which the JEP granted amnesty to the former FARC commander – credit @JEP_Colombia

The accusation against the former FARC commander corresponds to the events recorded between May 1 and 3, 2022, which are known as the Bojayá Massacre, in Chocó.

In that occasion, 80 people, including 48 minors, died after a guerrilla structure launched a cylinder bomb during clashes in which they were fighting with the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC).

The projectile launched by the FARC ended up hitting the Bellavista church, in the urban area of ​​Bojayá, where a large part of the population was taking refuge to avoid being caught in the crossfire.

The former commander of the demobilized guerrilla group received amnesty for the crime of rebellion – credit Europa Press

The Bojayá massacre not only caused the number of deaths already mentioned, but also collateral damage that continues to be evident in Colombian society, since according to the Memory Center, it caused the displacement of more than 5,000 people.

That is why the amnesty on Simon Trinidad has generated multiple opinions; However, one of the points about this massacre that are in charge of the JEP and the Investigation and Prosecution Unit is the location of the victims, so that they can be linked to the processing process and resources.

It is worth remembering that, at the moment, Simon Trinidad He is serving a 60-year sentence in the United States for the kidnapping of three Americans in 2003..

The former FARC commander is 73 years old – Open Truth credit

Ricardo Palmera Pineda, alias Simón Trinidad, is a former member of the FARC secretariat who led the Caribbean Block of this guerrilla for several years. He was born on July 30, 1950 in Bogotá, but grew up in Valledupar; He is an economist and was a university professor, however, despite being a member of a wealthy family, In 1987 he joined the FARC through the Caribbean Block, which had a presence in Valledupar..

He was one of the most recognized members of the FARC because he participated in the dialogue table in San Vicente del Caguán during the government of Andrés Pastrana, in addition to being the man accused of orchestrating the detention of three American citizens, a crime that earned him to become the first leader of that guerrilla to be tried and convicted by a North American judge.

Although his name is Ricardo Palmera, assumed the alias of Simon Trinidad in honor of the liberator Simón Bolívar, he was captured in 2004 in Ecuador, after which he was extradited on December 31, 2004 from Colombia to the United Stateswhere he is serving a 60-year sentence in the Florence SuperMax prison, and although he had a second trial for drug trafficking, this process did not prosper.

Despite the evidence that exists against him, Simón Trinidad pointed out that he was never a member of the FARC secretariat, in addition to denying his participation in seven kidnapping processes, including those of Alan Jara, and the kidnapping and murder of the former minister. Consuelo Araújo Noguera. Detailing that the testimonies that accuse him of being one of the senior commanders of the extinct guerrilla between 1993 and 2003 are not true.

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