Tool for diagnosis of the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence presented in the Senate – Talla Politica

Tool for diagnosis of the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence presented in the Senate – Talla Politica
Tool for diagnosis of the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence presented in the Senate – Talla Politica

Mexico City, July 3, 2024

It is a roadmap to map the ecosystem, update the legal framework and the institutional design of this technology, highlights Alejandra Lagunes

At the request of Senator Alejandra Lagunes Soto Ruíz, the National Artificial Intelligence Alliance presented the “RAM” in the Senate, a tool for diagnosing the implementation of the Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, adopted by 193 member nations of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2021.

The purpose of this tool is to ensure that technological developments are aligned with fundamental rights and freedoms, and that their application and development contribute to building more just and sustainable societies and economies.

The PVEM legislator said that this UNESCO recommendation is the first global political framework for the ethical development of this technology, “the document presented today is a roadmap to map the ecosystem, update the legal framework, institutional design and governance, and provide a national proposal” on this matter.

This recommendation, continued Alejandra Lagunes, not only seeks to position Mexico regionally at the forefront of the development of the ethical, legal and responsible use of Artificial Intelligence, but also to ensure that the transition towards a digitally advanced economy and society benefits all sectors of the population.

He explained that UNESCO, in collaboration with the National Artificial Intelligence Alliance (ANIA), developed the report on the state of readiness of Artificial Intelligence in Mexico, RAM, with the support of the Centro-i for the society of the future, with more than 90 thematic events, 500 hours of dialogue, months of research, as well as interviews and questionnaires with experts in different subjects and the participation of more than 340 experts.

He highlighted that with the presentation of the RAM and the proposal for the National Agenda for Mexico 2024-2030, on May 15, the first objective we set for ourselves was met, which was to generate an analysis and proposals for public policy regulation and a governance model for Artificial Intelligence for our country.

UNESCO Deputy Director-General Gabriela Ramos said the diagnosis positions us to lead the way in thinking about how we want technological developments to help us; the fundamental question, she said, is not how much we can adopt these technologies, but how to govern them and align them with our national and personal objectives.

In this context, he considered it necessary to design a national strategy on this technology, so that it is part of the National Development Plan, which has a clear vision on how these technologies will be integrated.

He said that the route to follow to develop the strategy is to map the ecosystem of Artificial Intelligence, the integration of the legal framework, the institutional design and governance.

Undersecretary for Multilateral Affairs and Human Rights of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Joel Hernández García, said that the RAM aims to identify the strengths and gaps of beneficiary countries with respect to their ability to facilitate the design, development and use of these tools.

He stressed that the challenges in this area include not only the ethical issue, but also security, respect for human rights, the use of different technological developments by people and attention to vulnerable populations.

On the other hand, he said that the announcement by the virtual president-elect, Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo, to create a Secretariat of Science, Technology and Innovation will allow for the unification of national efforts in both government and legislative activities, so that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has the tools to position Mexico in multilateral forums on this matter.

María Elena Estavillo Flores, CEO of Centro-i for the Society of the Future, highlighted that, according to the diagnosis, Mexico ranks second out of 138 countries evaluated in terms of strengthening the regulatory framework for the right to know.

He agreed that the proposals to create the Secretariat of Science and Technology and a Digital Transformation Agency “are powerful signals” to face the challenge of using information and communication technologies, as well as Artificial Intelligence for public services.

Blanca Lilia Ibarra Cadena, INAI commissioner and member of the ANIA Council of Experts, said that this analysis is a starting point for incorporating Mexico into the group of nations that have adopted UNESCO’s recommendations on ethics.

In this context, he added that, “it is necessary to have a solid institutional framework regarding access to information and protection of personal data with the technical and impartial capabilities that allow us to assist in this process.”

Text and Photo: Senate

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