MINSAP authorities update on epidemiological situation in Cuba – Official government website of the Ministry of Public Health in Cuba

MINSAP authorities update on epidemiological situation in Cuba – Official government website of the Ministry of Public Health in Cuba
MINSAP authorities update on epidemiological situation in Cuba – Official government website of the Ministry of Public Health in Cuba

The current epidemiological situation in Cuba requires a collective effort in surveillance and control actions, according to the assessments of Dr. Carilda Peña García, Deputy Minister of Public Health.

Appearing this Thursday at the Round Table, He explained the epidemiological complexities in the country, mainly associated with the presence of dengue and the confirmation of cases of Oropouche, “which continue to be a cause for concern for health professionals.”.

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) provided an update on the presence of Oropouche fever in the Americas region in rural and urban communities in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Panama, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago, and that during the year the disease has been reported in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru.

The Vice Minister recalled that the clinical picture that manifests as a consequence of the disease is mild, preceded by an incubation period of five to seven days, which is characterized by fever, headaches, muscle and joint pain, although vomiting and diarrhea are also reported occasionally.

Cuba is a tropical country and, together with the environmental conditions, in addition to the current high temperatures and increased rainfall, these are triggers for arboviruses, as a constant health problem and a permanent challenge for health systems – he said – especially those transmitted to humans by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, considered the main vector of four human arboviruses: yellow fever, dengue, Chikungunya and Zika.

“These are among the most important emerging infectious diseases, and constitute public health problems at a global level, so working on their prevention and control is a priority in the Greater Antilles,” he added.

In the television program, the general director of the Pedro Kourí Institute of Tropical Medicine (IPK), Dr. Vivian Kourí Cardellá, said that our country, located at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico, subject to climate change and the onslaught of natural phenomena, has arboviruses among the main diseases to be controlled and monitored among the population.

«These are viral processes to which IPK specialists dedicate all their knowledge, using advanced technologies in epidemiological surveillance, which makes it possible to protect our population against them. It is a coordinated and committed effort, in which we are all involved, down to the last link, to promote comprehensive care for patients and contribute to compliance with protocols and treatments, together with the Ministry of Public Health.»

It meant that the Oropouche originated in Trinidad and Tobago, in the year 1950, and that is where its name comes from, “But that was not the first epidemic, as it actually occurred in the 1960s in Brazil, 65 years ago.”

He focused on the issue of dengue fever, and how it is most common in the Americas and Asia, producing multiple epidemics on the planet. “But we also have the 2009 H1N1 influenza, the cholera epidemic, and SARS-CoV-2 on the continent, related to climate change, population movements, urbanization, and other causes that have serious consequences for human health, and which we keep under constant epidemiological surveillance.”

The assessments of the prominent virologist showed how scientific research in Health, as well as innovation and generalization of results, are essential elements to contribute to raising the quality of medical care, as a primary condition for the advancement of the National Health System.

The essential participation of the population in the epidemiological fight

Prevention and sanitary measures to eliminate mosquito breeding sites are urgent measures to prevent the spread of arboviruses in our country, according to Dr. Yagen Pomares, National Director of Primary Care at the Ministry of Public Health, who highlighted the priority of these actions at the Round Table.

“Timely diagnosis of these non-specific febrile syndromes is essential,” he assured.

Among the tips to be taken into account by the population, he listed the need to drink plenty of fluids, identify any warning signs in a timely manner, and immediately go to the doctor “where our specialists are prepared to diagnose which patients require follow-up and which require hospitalization and differentiated care in a general sense.”

The National Director of Primary Care of the Ministry of Public Health stressed the importance of disease prevention and control strategies in this epidemiological context, as well as intersectoral work actions, while emphasizing how these contribute significantly to more efficient and favorable scenarios, all of which requires the commitment of people to their self-care, that of their family and their community, as one of the decisive aspects in this fight for everyone.

At the end, Dr. Yagen’s message was clear: «Monitoring in Primary Health Care, continuous training of professionals and the active participation of the population, as part of the hygiene offensive in their neighborhoods, are vital today in the face of the current and complex epidemiological situation in Cuba.»

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