International Day of Cooperatives: History and Meaning

International Day of Cooperatives: History and Meaning
International Day of Cooperatives: History and Meaning

ICA Foundation and Purpose

Founded in London in 1895, the ICA brings together cooperative organisations from 100 countries with a total of 700 million members. In December 1994, the UN General Assembly invited governments and international organisations to observe this day annually, recognising cooperatives as an indispensable factor in economic and social development.

Objectives of the International Day of Cooperatives

  • Raise awareness about cooperatives.
  • Highlight the complementarity of the goals and objectives of the UN and the international cooperative movement.
  • Highlight the movement’s contribution to solving the main problems addressed by the UN.
  • Strengthen and expand partnerships between the cooperative movement and other stakeholders, including governments, at local, national and international levels.

Importance of Public Policies for Cooperatives

It is crucial to strengthen public policy aimed at cooperatives so that they contribute to building a new development model. Cooperatives contribute to decent employment, adjusting income instead of employment in times of crisis. These organizations generate beneficial impacts on the economic, social, cultural and environmental levels.

Cooperatives and Mutualism in Argentine History

Cooperatives and mutuals, part of the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE), play a fundamental role in local territories. Since the end of the 19th century, the first Argentine cooperatives emerged in connection with European immigration. These organizations introduced ideas of solidarity and cooperation, expanding from Buenos Aires to other regions.

Congresses and Development of Cooperativism in Argentina

The second Federation Congress was held in Basavilbaso in 1913, and the third Congress of Cooperatives of Entre Ríos in 1919 approved the statutes of the Federation of Cooperatives of Entre Ríos (Fedeco). This event marked the integration of cooperatives in an economic-social process based on solidarity.

Social and Ideological Assessment of Cooperativism

Cooperativism was valued as a way to build a free, modern, democratic and supportive society, especially from socialist and anarchist currents of thought.

Cooperative Education in Argentina

In 2006, the National Congress approved Law No. 26,206, which promotes the incorporation of the principles of cooperativism and mutualism in education. However, compliance with this law remains a pending issue, due to the lack of political will to promote cooperative education and adequately train teachers.

Final reflection

The first Saturday in July marks the day when cooperative heroes are remembered, reaffirming the Principles and Values ​​of cooperativism. Governments and organizations are invited to support this doctrine of peace, solidarity and fraternity, essential for human and social development.

Ayala Augustus
Bachelor’s Degree in Quality Management in Education
Technician in Cooperativism and Mutualism.

Diauno.ar newspaper

 
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