The numbers that surprised the Government from the new program that converts social plans into job training

The numbers that surprised the Government from the new program that converts social plans into job training
The numbers that surprised the Government from the new program that converts social plans into job training

Metallurgy is one of the areas of job training in the Volver al Trabajo program, which has already been in operation for 45 days.

There are many beneficiaries of social plans what do they want to train to be able to getting a job. The news demolishes the widespread image of “planners” who only seek to collect a subsidy without working and the numbers that certify it surprised to the government of Javier Milei: in just over 45 days of operation of the new Return to Work plan, the 76% of a total of 1,012,356 beneficiaries They have already entered an official portal for train in a trade and have a job.

Is about 764.340 personas who showed the will to get a job beyond the collection of a subsidy, according to the first statistics of the Ministry of Labor, and even the 83% of those who entered the portal (636.748 personas) I know recorded and they began to upload your resume to reach the vocational training courses that will allow them get out of the welfare system.

The figures are encouraging to libertarian officials, who had no certainty about being able to successfully fulfill the challenge which the Government had proposed at the beginning of its administration: convert social plans into training and job placement programs, without intermediaries. There is even already important companies who, contacted by the labor authorities, stated interested in signing agreements for give them employment to programme beneficiaries who have been trained.

In February, the Minister of Human Capital, Sandra Pettovello, announced the Volver al Trabajo and Acompaniamiento Social programs, which replaced the Potenciar Trabajo plan.

It all started when the Minister of Human Capital, Sandra Pettovello, announced in February the decision to eliminate the plan Boost Work, which reached around 1.4 million people, to remove intermediaries, such as social movements and municipalities, from the assistance system and replace it with two new programs, Back to work y Social Support.

In a contact with 3 national media, among which was Infobae, the Secretary of Labor, Julio Cordero, explained the origin of the change in this scheme: “We saw that with the Potenciar Trabajo plan, in some way froze people where they were, for generations. The one who was in a place with a lot of poverty continued In the same place the included got worse their situation. We felt that there was no reason not to give people the opportunity to have the right to work. We have been seeing for some time that if someone lost the plan when they started working, two things happened: either informal work was encouraged or people worked just the same but asked not to register. The Back to Work plan consists precisely of allowing them to keep charging, not beyond two years, but while “They are trained and we can help them find employment.”

According to an initial survey by the Ministry of Human Capital, of the people who were enrolled in the Potenciar Trabajo plan Only 1.3% ended up getting a jobso most of the beneficiaries’ exits from the system were due to incompatibilities that they had with assistance (travel abroad or a registered salary, for example), retirement or death. That is why the libertarian administration concluded that this widespread plan was “poorly designed” and that during the time in which it was in force did not fulfill the objectives for which it was created.

Julio Cordero, Secretary of Labor, and Eugenia Cortona, Undersecretary of Employment

The transformation of these plans was devised in a equipment directed by Pettovello and made up of labor experts from La Libertad Avanza such as Miguel Angel Ponte y Luis Palomino, who were later joined by Cordero. The program Back to Work was designed there, aimed at the population aged 18 to 49, whose objective, according to its official presentation, “aims to strengthen work skills and improve employability in order to incorporate its recipients into the formal labor market.”

In the first cabinet of the current Secretary of Labor, Palomino was in charge of implementing changes such as Undersecretary of Employment and Vocational Training and continues to maintain his influence in the area despite being replaced in May by Eugenia Cortona, a sociologist who worked for years in the educational sector of the Buenos Aires city government.

Cortona, who participated in the press conference with Cordero, said that “once it was decided to create this new program and they came under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor 1.012.356 personas of Potenciar Trabajo, it was determined that no more beneficiaries would enter and that this was going to be the universe to work on in job training during the two years that will last Return to Work.”

The training provided within the Return to Work program includes mechanics, among other trades.

Based on a “profiling” of the plan, those over 50 years of age and women with more than 3 children who were in Potenciar Trabajo moved to the other new program, Social accompaniment, which depends on the National Secretariat for Children, Adolescents and Family and whose beneficiaries receive a subsidy without the need for compensation, but can aspire to enter the Return to Work.

In the case of the Return to Work program, those who register They are not obliged to pay any labor compensation either. to collect the subsidy, a point that may sound controversial and Cortona explained it in these terms: “In the Potenciar Trabajo plan, the person had to provide compensation that was based on a service they provided, such as cutting grass in a municipality or participating in some productive activity, and The social organizations were the ones who certified this compensation. That was where the intermediation was. Today there is no mandatory compensation. That is why we are surprised by the number of people who spontaneously signed up on the portal because it was not a condition we had set.” Cordero then emphasized: “It is a very strong thing. If you do not want to work, you do not work and you will be paid for two years because it is a right, not an obligation. We wanted to truly consider work as a right, not as a commodity.”

Beneficiaries of the Back to Work program receive an allowance of $78,000 per month, but the payment is incompatible If they have a public employment contract or a job under an employment relationship in the private sector started after joining the program with a gross monthly salary greater than 3 Minimum, Living and Mobile Salaries (702 thousand pesos).

An image that is no longer seen: a protest mobilization of beneficiaries of the Potenciar Trabajo plan

Previously, with Potenciar Trabajo, which had an allocation equal to that of a single minimum living and mobile wage, “The vast majority chose not to have a registered job so that this incompatibility does not arise with the consequences that it brings to informal employment,” Cortona stressed. Now, for the beneficiaries of Back to Work, with a limit that triples the previous limit, “whoever gets a job of those values ​​may not need the help, but once people register voluntarily their data are cross-referenced with official databases of the Argentine Integrated Pension System (SIPA) and the AFIP: “This is how we know whether or not you are actually in formal employment -he stressed- and that allows us to make the decision to whether or not we can pay him based on the limit of the 3 Minimum, Vital and Mobile Salaries. And registering on the employment portal allows us to have more information about the previous experience of the person and his family formation”.

Regarding training, Cordero explained that “first a survey was made of What were the activities that have the best job prospects today? and based on the conclusions the following were designed: training modules that provide business chambers, union foundations, NGOs and municipalities, and the training they offer is inspected at the territorial level by a specialized team that supervises compliance with the training course and its results.

Cortona pointed out that they are “working hard on the design of training, looking at the current demand in the productive sectors, for each region, and if they have idle capacity and can hire people, for example.” “We looked at what the needs were – Cordero added – and we took them to the companies so that a job outlet could be enabled. We started talking to large companies and there are some that are very committed to this program and are already going to hire people.”

“There is no reason not to give people the opportunity to have the right to work,” said Julio Cordero

As part of this program, according to Labor, there are “initial labor training courses in face-to-face or hybrid format on various topics such as technology, metallurgy, mechanics, construction, gastronomy, tourism, design, textiles and clothing, among others, which aim to provide the necessary skills for performance at the initial qualification levels, of a trade or occupational role.” And there are also “distance learning courses, with or without tutoring instances, provided by official training institutions, and self-paced courses to do at your own pace through our virtual campus; all of them in prominent topics such as digital marketing, programming and others.” In addition to job training in specific trades, “there are in-person career guidance workshops, whose purpose is to accompany the definition of personal training strategies and search for job insertion.” All activities, the Government clarified, are completely free and have certification from the Ministry of Labor.

Initial numbers from the Back to Work program indicate that in just over 45 days of operation 636,748 people have already registered voluntarily. 48% live in the provinces of Buenos Aires and Tucumán. 70% are women and 63% are between 18 and 35 years old. 56% have children and the same percentage have not completed secondary school. 20% said they were interested in training in gastronomy, tourism and textiles and clothing.

“We launched Back to Work a month and a half ago and now The problem is no longer the pointers or the use of people -Cordero concluded- With the third generation in poverty, many enrolled in Return to Work They can see another way out to be better. They tell us: Don’t do anything, let me do it, I want to train and find a job. We are here to help you.”

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