The biggest victims of the education sector in summer: monitors, assistants and academies

The biggest victims of the education sector in summer: monitors, assistants and academies
The biggest victims of the education sector in summer: monitors, assistants and academies

Marina Segura Ramos

Madrid, Jul 8 (EFE).- Some 100,000 people in the education sector lose their jobs every summer in Spain, the vast majority of them leisure instructors, auxiliary staff and academy teachers with fixed-term contracts, a contractual figure prohibited by law for teachers in formal education, although “some irregularities” persist.

As in previous years and within the general regime, monthly job creation in June has been widespread, but the loss of jobs in education (-51,645) stands out negatively, something that will be repeated in July and August.

These reductions are intended to save on salaries during the summer period and “in some cases it is justified; for example in educational leisure or when urban camps and summer colonies arrive and then fixed discontinuous contracts do make sense,” the secretary of Private and Socio-educational Services of the CCOO Education Federation, Pedro Ocaña, explains to EFE.

For the most part, he adds, “we are not talking about teachers but rather about auxiliary companies, people who have a fixed, discontinuous contract in line with the school year, monitors who start working in mid-September or early October.”

Academies are also affected, as teachers, for example those who teach English, are included, but in the teaching group the fixed-term contract is an “illegal contract following a ruling by the National Court and is included in the collective agreements.”

In the state-funded schools, where the administrations pay the salaries, there is no such thing as a fixed discontinuous salary, but in the “totally private” centres irregularities continue to occur and there are those who send some of their teachers away during the summer.

In these cases, those affected do not usually report it to the courts as they intend to continue their contractual relationship during the following academic year.

Despite the progress made in recent years, Ocaña believes that the Labour Inspectorate could carry out a specific campaign during the summer period to detect irregularities.

Héctor Adsuar, secretary of non-university public education at CCOO, explains to EFE that temporary workers who occupy a vacancy for the entire academic year “generally and everywhere have a guaranteed contract extension and are not terminated. The problem is faced by those who do not complete the academic year, for example someone who has joined mid-year to cover a retirement.”

Currently, he adds, almost all autonomous communities maintain contracts if they last five and a half months.

The president of CSIF Education, Mario Gutiérrez, recalls in statements to EFE that in 1990 – when the educational powers had not yet been transferred to the autonomous communities – the unions signed an agreement with the Ministry of Education to avoid abuses in this area, but “in 2012 the time of cuts arrived and the communities threw it out.”

In addition, he stresses, “there were no calls for competitive examinations because a replacement rate was set, ignoring the fact that, regardless of whether there were competitive examinations, the education service had to continue to be provided, and the number of temporary positions in the sector began to rise and rise.”

Starting in 2018, some communities began “to relax and sign agreements where temporary workers who worked full-time were automatically extended until August 31, but we have never returned to the previous levels of five and a half months of contract extension until August.”

He also regrets that “some people”, regardless of their political affiliation, “forget that in many cases in education we are still following the premises of 2012 and have not recovered our rights from the previous period (ratios, teaching hours, working conditions…)”.

He concludes that, in his opinion, the administrations have not realized that the high rate of temporary employment – in education it exceeds 20% – has to be set at 8% by the end of this year: “Europe is forcing us to do so, and if not, there will be sanctions. It is a paradigm shift that the administrations still do not understand and continue to act in the same way.” EFE


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