South Korea’s main index on July 8: South Korean market closed with losses of 0.16%

South Korea’s main index on July 8: South Korean market closed with losses of 0.16%
South Korea’s main index on July 8: South Korean market closed with losses of 0.16%

This year, the markets have seen constant volatility. (Infobae)

Bearish day for the KOSPIwhich ended the day on Monday, July 8 with slight falls in the 0,16%until the 2,857.76 points. He KOSPI marked a maximum volume of 2,868.99 points and the minimum figure of 2,855.53 points. The trading range for the KOSPI between its highest and lowest point (maximum-minimum) during this day was located at 0,47%.

In relation to the profitability of the last seven days, the KOSPI accumulates an increase of 1,91%%which is why in the last year it still maintains an increase of 11,45%. He KOSPI one is located 0,16% below its maximum so far this year (2,862.23 points) and a 17,32% above its lowest price for the current year (2,435.90 points).

A stock market index It is an indicator that measures the evolution of the value of a given set of assets.which takes data from various companies or sectors of a market segment.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various nations and Each of them can be integrated by firms with specific characteristics. such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry. Also, there are some indexes that only consider a handful of stocks to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of stocks.

Stock indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business sentiment, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of stock investments and shares of an entity. If investors lack confidence, share prices would tend to fall.

They also function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to analyse comparisons between profitability and risk, measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. He carefully observed how company stocks tended to rise and fall in price together, so he created two indexes: one containing the 20 largest railroad companies (since it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks from other types of businesses.

Today there are various indexes and They can be grouped based on their location, sectors, company size or even asset type.For example, the American Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own way of being calculated.but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that makes up the group. This is obtained by multiplying the value of the title on the corresponding stock exchange on the day by the total number of shares held by investors.

Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to to present a balance sheet of its composition. This report must be made public every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also requires observing its evolution over time. New indices always appear with a fixed value based on stock prices. on their start date, but not everyone follows this method, so it can seem misleading.

If one index sees a 500-point increase in a day, while another only adds 20, it might seem that the former had a better return. However, if the former started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be deduced that, in percentage terms, the gains for the latter were considerable.

Between the Major stock market indices in the United States There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Joneswhich is made up of 30 companies. Similarly, the S&P 500which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, there is the Nasdaq 100which brings together 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most important indexes of Europa are the Eurostoxx 50which covers the 50 largest companies in the eurozone. In addition, the DAX 30the main German index containing the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; FTSE 100 of the London Stock Exchange; CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.

In the asian continentthe main stock market indices are the Nikkei 225made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Also, the SSE Composite Indexis seen as China’s most notable, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role is played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about Latin Americayou have the IPCwhich contains the 35 most influential firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV)At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespacomposed of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; Merval from Argentina; the IPSA from Chile; the MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; the IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.

Finally, there are other types of global stock market indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Likewise, there is the MSCI Worldwhich includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; MSCI Emerging Marketsmade up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the planet.

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