Europe between relief and concern after the results of the elections in France

Berlin. Leaders of all Europa They reacted with relief but also with a certain worry in the wake of the French election results, which left a key EU country with the possibility of a hung parliament and a political paralysis.

There was relief that the far-right National Rally did not emerge as the strongest party, as many pro-European leaders had feared, but also dismay that no political group won a decisive majority in the National Assembly.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz expressed relief on Monday that the nationalist far-right was not the big winner of the election.

The chancellor said it would have been a major challenge if French President Emmanuel Macron had to work with a right-wing populist party, the German news agency dpa reported.

“That has been avoided for now,” said the German chancellor.


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Scholz expressed hope that Macron and the newly elected deputies to the National Assembly could form a stable government.

Meanwhile, Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk, a former president of the European Council, reacted with more euphoria.

Enthusiasm in Paris, disappointment in Moscow, “Relief in kyiv. Enough reasons to be happy in Warsaw,” Tusk wrote on the social network X on Sunday evening.

Some pro-European politicians, however, warned that the French result was no reason to celebrate.

“The march of right-wing nationalists and right-wing extremists has been halted. That is thanks to the French people,” Michael Roth, an expert on international politics and a member of Scholz’s Social Democrats, told the Tagesspiegel newspaper.

“But it is too early to turn off the alarm, because populist nationalists on the right and the left are Stronger than ever“, he added. “The center is weaker than ever. Emmanuel Macron has therefore failed miserably.”

The left-wing New Popular Front (NFP) coalition won around 180 seats, followed by Macron’s centre-right alliance (around 160) and the far-right National Rally (RN) party and its allies (more than 140).

The leaders of the left-wing coalition have said they are ready to govern. Macron “should officially ask the NFP today to name him a prime minister,” said the leader of the Greens, Marine Tondelier.

The current prime minister, Gabriel Attalpresented his resignation Macron, who asked him to continue on a provisional basis “to guarantee the stability of the country”, although without setting any deadline, according to the Elysée.

Attal had already said on Sunday evening that he would stay “as long as duty demands”, especially given that the Paris Olympic Games begin on July 26, in less than three weeks.

Socialist Party leader Olivier Faure has called for the left-wing party to present a candidate for prime minister “during the week” and for him to be chosen “by consensus or by vote.”

But to stay in power they need a majority, and within this coalition, which ranges from social democrats to anti-capitalists, its members disagree on possible parliamentary alliances.

La France Insoumise (LFI), the radical wing of the NFP, and its leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon are crystallizing some of the tensions.

Faced with opposition to the possibility of him running for prime minister, MP Mathilde Panot stressed on Monday that he is “not at all disqualified.”

“We’re going to have to behave like adults,” said Raphael Glucksmann, a symbol of the social-democratic wing of the NFP, on Sunday, for whom “dialogue” is “a change of political culture” in a France that is not used to parliamentarism.

While it is not clear which party will select the next prime minister, Macron will still have powers over foreign policy, European policy and defence, as stipulated in the French constitution. He has a presidential mandate until 2027 and has said he will not step down until the term ends.

Even so, the French president has been left weakened by the election result and this will have repercussions for Germany and the whole of Europe, said Ronja Kempin, an analyst on Franco-German relations at the German Institute for International and Security Studies.

“I think Germany will have to adapt to the new balance of power in France,” Kempin said. “We have a weakened French president, who will be more obliged to listen and react to the parliamentary majority, and who will no longer be able to act as freely as he has done for the past seven years.”

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