Millenary discovery in the Peruvian Amazon: ceramic objects from a lost culture found in the Apinkras ravine

Millenary discovery in the Peruvian Amazon: ceramic objects from a lost culture found in the Apinkras ravine
Millenary discovery in the Peruvian Amazon: ceramic objects from a lost culture found in the Apinkras ravine

Wampis residents found objects after the stream’s water level dropped – Credit: Andina / Composition Infobae Peru

The ravine Apinkrasin the Santiago River basin, region Amazonasrevealed a thousand-year-old secret. The inhabitants of the ethnic group wampis From Villa Gonzalo they found 23 ceramic objects that, according to the archaeologist from the National University of San Marcos (UNMSM), Anthony Villar Quintana, could date back between 4,000 and 1,600 years. This discovery offers new insights into cultural interaction in the Peruvian Amazone.

The objects, which include 17 bottles, two fragments of vessels with incised designs in high relief and three fragments of jugs, were found in 2023 after a flood of the river in the ravine. The inhabitants wampis They collected the pieces, intrigued by their unknown origin, and handed them over to Villar Quintana, who began a detailed investigation in the area.

The San Marcos archaeologist told the agency Andean The Wampis stated that these materials were removed by the rising waters that flow through the ravine. When the flow decreased, the objects were exposed, and the inhabitants, not identifying them as their own, kept them for the archaeologist to analyze. This act of cultural preservation allowed Villar Quintana and his team to access these pieces and begin their study.

Villar Quintana explained that the preliminary analysis of the pieces suggests a vast network of cultural interaction in the region, linking the Apinkras gorge with other sites in the Santiago River basin, the Andes and the Peruvian Amazone. This area, rich in salt, a highly sought-after ingredient in ancient cultures, may have been a significant trading point. “This complexity is reflected in the six types of bottles identified, whose distribution between the basins of the Santiago, Morona, Paztaza, Chambira and Napo rivers indicates a considerable antiquity,” the researcher stressed.

Ancient pottery pieces found in the Amazon that are believed to be between 4,000 and 1,600 years old – Credit: Andina

The study by Anthony Villar Quintana highlights the similarity of the ceramics found in Apinkras with those discovered in the upper basin of the Santiago Riverin Ecuador“The antiquity of these bottles and pieces with printed and incised decorations probably corresponds to one or more dates between 2000 BC and 400 AD,” he stressed.

However, to confirm the antiquity of the objects, archaeological excavations and more precise dating are required.

This discovery, which was published in the scientific journal Pakamuros, is fundamental to understanding the cultural dynamics in the Peruvian Amazon. The presence of these ancient ceramic objects reveals a broader and more complex cultural interaction than previously imagined, thus rewriting the history of ancestral cultures in this region.

Archaeological work in the Santiago River Basin It is not an unknown territory, but it has been scarcely investigated, especially in comparison with the upper basin on the Ecuadorian side, said archaeologist Anthony Villar Quintana and specified that the few works published on this area focus on research such as that of Pedro Porras in the Cave of the Tayosa ceremonial space with evidence of cultural interaction dating back to approximately 1500 BC

The discovery was made in the district of Santiago, province of Condorcanqui, reported archaeologist Anthony Villar. – Credit: Andina

Anthony Villar stresses the need to carry out archaeological excavations and dating to corroborate the age of the objects found. This work would allow for more precise dating and confirm hypotheses about cultural interaction in the region.

The archaeologist commented that, to continue investigating in the ravine Apinkrasthe corresponding permits would have to be obtained from the culture Ministry and seek the necessary funds to finance future research. This effort is crucial to advancing knowledge about cultural dynamics in the Peruvian Amazone.

The discovery in the ravine Apinkras It offers a new vision of ancient cultures in the Amazon and the ceramic pieces found promise to open new avenues of knowledge and understanding about the cultural interactions that shaped this ancient region.

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