UN Mission Report on the shock plan that Petro will present to the Security Council | July 2024

UN Mission Report on the shock plan that Petro will present to the Security Council | July 2024
UN Mission Report on the shock plan that Petro will present to the Security Council | July 2024

The UN Verification Mission submitted to the Security Council its quarterly report on the implementation of the Peace Agreement, the first to be issued during Petro’s presidency.

Photo: Courtesy: United Nations

Two days before the presentation to the UN Security Council, The Verification Mission of that organization in Colombia released its quarterly report on the progress of the implementation of the Peace Agreement.

The report echoed President Gustavo Petro’s public reaffirmation of complying with the execution of the pact signed in 2016 with the extinct FARC and, although he assures that there are “notable efforts to improve coordination and coherence between the entities involved in the implementation,” There is also a “need to seek consensus and join forces to consolidate peace” given the divergent opinions on this issue from various sectors.

The report also mentions the debate on the constituent assembly. “Following several comments by the President on the issue, a heated internal debate arose on whether or not the Agreement provides for the convening of a constituent assembly,” the report says.

The document also refers to what Foreign Minister Luis Gilberto Murillo called on Tuesday the Government’s “shock plan” to accelerate the implementation of the Peace Agreement. The text states that this process is headed by the National Planning Department (DNP) and the Peace Agreement Implementation Unit who will be “responsible for fulfilling the objectives set out in the Peace Agreement.”

The report says: “The ongoing work to launch a shock plan to accelerate implementation is promising.as well as the process of reviewing the Implementation Framework Plan with its longer-term objectives. It is imperative that there is an unequivocal commitment from all government entities to direct efforts and resources towards implementation.”

The first step of this shock plan will be that Petro will ask the Security Council for eight more years to execute the Agreement.. According to Foreign Minister Murillo, under current conditions the agreed timeframes cannot be met. “We are proposing that an adjustment be made to the implementation framework designed for 15 years. With the delays, we must seriously consider extending the implementation period of this plan (…) The Foreign Ministry has been saying that it has to be an extension from 5 to 8 years, but this is under discussion because this is an agreement between two parties and it has to be discussed with the parties,” he said.

President Petro’s agenda includes a meeting with the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, which is expected to deal with these issues of the shock plan and even resources and which will include the policy of total peace.

Read also: Colombia will request up to 8 more years of implementation of agreement with the FARC

The Commission is made up of 31 Member States, which are elected by the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council. The countries that contribute the most to financing the United Nations system and the countries that provide the most military contingents also belong to it. Some members of Petro’s delegation are said to be invited to this meeting, such as the director of the DNP, Alexander López, and Gloria Cuartas, director of the Unit for the Implementation of the Agreement, although the latter official’s attendance in New York has not yet been confirmed.

On the other hand, the president will have a meeting with the Secretary General of the United Nations, António Guterres, but no details were given on the topics to be discussed.

The report also addresses the six processes currently being carried out by the Petro government in its bid for total peace and states: “During the period under review, President Petro publicly acknowledged the complexities of achieving total peace.”

Regarding the ELN, he describes the agreement reached on the first point of the dialogue agenda as a milestone and also says that the ceasefire has been widely respected, but warns that the negotiations are affected by “serious challenges” such as the dialogue that the Government is carrying out with Comuneros del Sur, a dissident front of the ELN.

He also speaks about negotiations with the dissident State Major Central and states that Cauca suffered an increase in violent confrontations, including several attacks by the EMC FARC-EP against the Public Force.

Finally, he welcomed the start of talks with the other FARC dissident group, which calls itself the Second Marquetalia.

You may be interested in: Key topics of meeting between Petro and former FARC leaders prior to visit to the US

Verification of the six points of the Peace Agreement

On other issues more related to the implementation of the six points of the Peace Agreement, the report highlights the issuance of the decree that created the Peace Cabinet with which the Government wants to promote its commitment to total peace and to provide a solution from different levels to the delay of the Havana pact. This, says the document, “offers a real opportunity in this regard, by defining the functions, responsibilities and actions of the relevant government entities.”

Regarding point one of comprehensive rural reform, the text praises the creation and implementation of the National System of Agrarian Reform and Rural Development and the agreements reached with cocoa and sugar cane producers to increase their productive capacity. But they affirm that the issue of security is an objective that has not yet been achieved in the regions where some of these projects are implemented, since Threats against peasant leaders, land restitution applicants and women persist.

The report also notes that the new leadership of the National Land Agency adjusted land acquisition criteria and prioritized large-scale land purchases, an issue that had become a source of tension between that agency and the Ministry of Agriculture, which considered that the figures presented did not correspond to the land acquired.

On the Territorial Development Programs (PDET) – one of the three axes on which Petro will focus in his speech, the other two being comprehensive rural reform and the clarification of judicial truth and the clarification of judicial truth – lThe Mission reports the allocation of investments of 44 million dollars and the inclusion in 97% of local development plans.

Regarding reincorporation, the second point of the Peace Agreement, the report warns about the lack of formal establishment of the Comprehensive Reincorporation Program (PRI) and the National Reincorporation System. The budget for this is already in the hands of the Reincorporation and Normalization Agency (ARN), but, says the document, without the approval of the decree by various government institutions, “the Agency’s capacity to execute its budget is seriously diminished.”

Work is also underway to find land to relocate the former territorial spaces of the departments of Antioquia, Guaviare and Putumayo, in some cases given the security conditions for the signatories of the peace. Less than two weeks ago, The former combatants of Miravalle, Caquetá, had to leave their territory due to harassment by members of the dissident Central General Staff.

On this point, the report warns that the delivery of housing and land to signatories needs to be accelerated. This point is also included in the shock plan that Petro has planned.

On the third point of security guarantees, one of the most neglected in the Peace Agreement, the report praises the reduction in the number of homicides against reincorporated members of the FARC and the issuance of the decree adopting the public policy for the dismantling of illegal armed groups and criminal organizations, but says that “general violence remains a cause for concern in the departments of Antioquia, Arauca, Bolívar, Caquetá, Cauca and Chocó” and that “the security of ex-combatants continued to be affected by disappearances, displacement, recruitment attempts and threats from illegal armed groups.”

The report also refers to persistent tensions between the peace signatories and the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP). “Representatives of the Comunes party continued to claim that, after seven years of activity, the Special Jurisdiction was deviating from the objectives for which it had been created, namely, to provide swift justice to victims and legal security to those subjected” to that court.

Finally, the report notes that the Colombia Peace Agreement continues to be recognized as a model by the international community and that expectations for its implementation remain high. “I am pleased that President Petro has recognized his historic responsibility in the comprehensive implementation of the Agreement. I encourage him, as well as all sectors in Colombia, to continue to work together to achieve this goal.” join forces to transform this laudable aspiration into tangible results for those most affected by the conflict (…) The United Nations will continue to stand by the Colombians in this crucial effort”.

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