That farm animals have a working day and nine other controversial points of the law being processed by the Assembly

That farm animals have a working day and nine other controversial points of the law being processed by the Assembly
That farm animals have a working day and nine other controversial points of the law being processed by the Assembly

The promoters of the animal protection bill argue that it is fulfilling a mandate from the Constitutional Court. Industrialists say that it puts the country’s food supply at risk.

Bans pesticides and even rat poison, sanctions the exhibition of roast chickensand even suggests that a working day should be established for working animals; these are some of the controversial points of the draft Organic Law for the Promotion, Protection and Defense of the Rights of Non-Human Animals”.

This bill was presented by the Ombudsman’s Office and has generated more than one concern for the productive sector of the country because its process has already begun in the Assembly’s Biodiversity Commission.

Where does it come from?

Where does it come from? Lorena Bellolio, director of the non-governmental organization Animal Protection Ecuador (PAE)explains that behind the bill is a ruling of the Constitutional Court that ruled on two things.

The first thing that the Ministry of Environment prepares is a protocol that safeguards the care of wildlife animals rescuedwhich according to Bellolio has not been fulfilled in the terms established by the Constitutional Court.

And gave a deadline to prepare and approved a law recognizing animal rightsdepending on the species, such as the domains of animal welfare.

Hence the bill prohibits depriving them of the necessary food for its normal development, maintenance, health; prohibits cruel or harmful acts keep them in unhygienic spaces and establishes a series of parameters to safeguard ecosystems where wildlife or endangered fauna live.

It also sets strict obligations for the slaughter of animals, focused, according to Bellolio, mainly on slaughterhouseseven informal ones, which now operate without any control.

Many of the articles are already contemplated in various laws, but “the The productive sector has ensured that it remains a dead letter“, says Bellolio.

PAE assisted in the design of the project. Furthermore, Bellolio explains that in the preparation of the law academics participated and even representatives of the productive sector.

“They only think about their pocket, they say that it will bankrupt the country, but it is not true, because many of the The practices that are proposed are carried out in Europewhich has been a pioneer,” says Bellolio.

What does the industry say?

But Christian Wahli, chief executive of the National Association of Food and Beverage Manufacturers (Anfab), says the bill, if passed, It will make the country’s production of meat, eggs and milk very difficultputting food security at risk.

That is, it would limit the population’s access to food, because it would raise its cost to the point that Producers would give up continuing with the activity“Small products are the ones that are most affected,” says Wahli.

In other aspects “It goes too far, it’s crazy“Wahli warns. That is why he believes that the President of the Republic, Daniel Noboa, should totally veto the project, if it is approved by the National Assembly.

The bill also imposes a number of restrictions on animal husbandry and even fishing. He also postulates, 175 violations and 35 sanctionswhich include the definitive closure of the production facility.

This could exacerbate the problem of product shortages and smuggling. A statement from the Chamber of Industries of Pichincha says that the bill threatens the country’s economy and food sovereignty.

The union warns of harmful consequences for everyday life, making products more expensive due to the fact that the production and processing of products of animal origin is limited. “It puts Thousands of formal jobs at risk“, the statement added.

Promoters say the project can be improved

But for Bellolio, businesses “will not go bankrupt. They are not being prohibited from eating pork or chicken, but rather from producing them in a different way, without cruelty and without affecting ecosystems.”

And he adds that the thousands of slaughterhouses in the country now operate under conditions of extreme cruelty and abuse; and the Labor conditions in which the workers of these slaughterhouses work “are terrible”, that is why it is proposed Psychological support for these workers.

For this reason, an unprecedented step is taken in the country and the Constitutional Court recognizes that they are sentient beingswe must establish the bill, which is perfectiblesays Bellolio. “There are too many economic interests that we are playing,” he added.

Bellolio says that there are aspects of the project that are ambiguous, but that can be reviewed and improved, and adds that there is a 12-year period for the transition to a new production model to take place.

“Those who have to make the most changes are the industrialists, not the small producers who cannot compete with the big companies at the moment,” he added.

Below are some controversial points of the draft law:

  • Fishing restriction

    The draft law pexpressly prohibits the slaughter of marine, aquatic and semi-aquatic animals is carried out without prior stunning or through practices that violate their well-being.

    Literal c of article 30 of the draft law establishes that it is the obligation of the fishing sector:

    “Ensure that the killing of non-human aquatic animals that are produced, harvested, raised, or planted is based on (sic) the specific slaughter recommendations for ensure a death without suffering or agony“Pre-slaughter stunning is mandatory.”

    Furthermore, in the case of fish and aquatic animals, vertebrates or invertebrates, that are cultivated or bred, for example, trout, the bill establishes that their well-being must be safeguarded when removing them from pools or fish farms, avoiding cruel methods of killing by suffocation or crushing.

    It also states that specific slaughter processes for fish and other aquatic animals will be specified by regulation.

    Literal u of article 30, furthermore, prohibits “the cooking of live specimens of crustaceans“.

  • Obligations for homeowners

    The Bill prohibits the use of terraces, balconies and similar as places of permanence for Dogs and cats.

    In addition, the bill prohibits restrict the tenancy or evict the tenant of a property intended for housing, housing and workshop, and housing and commerce, within the urban or rural perimeter, whether or not subject to the horizontal property regime, by have a pet under your care.

    Lorena Bellolio, from PAE, says that this article is due to the fact that the 70% of abandoned puppies It is because the The landlord does not allow them to have pets“There is an overpopulation of animals. In the last census there were 8 million dogs and 5 million children, that is, there are more dogs than children.”

    In regulations or secondary laws, support could be established for landlords who protect against pet damage.

  • Animals intended for work

    The bill establishes as a Rights of animals destined for work or trades “to work with an established working day and with the Reasonable limitation of years and intensity of workwhich will depend on the job and the physical and psychological conditions according to the species.”

    Lorena Bellolio explains that the background of this article is to avoid mistreatment. “There are animals that fall exhausted from overexertion, if the animal is not mistreated, its performance will be better. They are not told not to use them, but to do it in another way,” she says.

    This right is also held by those emotional support animals and assistance dogs.

    The bill also establishes that once they finish their working life they must:

    • Keep it as a company
    • Give it up for adoption.
      Give it to a sanctuary.
    • Euthanasia should only be performed if the animal is unable to perform its vital functions, as determined by an accredited veterinary professional.
  • The Bill prohibits the use of animals for transportation of tourist activities.

    Furthermore, if the text is approved, it would be Use and transit of traction vehicles is prohibited of animals on paved roads and for purposes other than agricultural use, violating animal welfare parameters.

    In addition, the project prohibits public and private shows with animals, such as races, jumping racescircus activities, combats with humans or animals, among others that cause suffering, death to the animal or oppose the principle of welfare or violate the rights provided for in this Law.

    These public events include equestrian competitions and popular bullfights.

  • He Bill prohibits expressly that the animal slaughters is done without pre-stunning.

    In addition, it raises prohibit the reproduction, breeding and marketing of birds belonging to fast growing genetic lines.

    And prohibits the export or import of live non-human animals by sea or
    land.

    In addition, the project prohibits the display of whole carcasses of non-human animals freshly slaughtered, hung or cooked in public spaces, display cases or commercial premises.

    This includes, for example, display the roast chickensas happens in some restaurants, or have in display of raw chickens for sale in supermarkets and markets.

  • The legal proposal prohibits the practice of Ablation of the eye stalk in shrimp. What does it involve? In the production of shrimp larvae and postlarvae, hatchery operators remove the eye stalk of breeding female shrimpso that they mature faster and produce a greater number of eggs.

    But some researchers report that this practice reduces the quality of offspring and breeders, in addition to directly impacting animal welfare.

    In addition, the bill proposes ban starvation periods (lack of feed) in shrimp production more than 72 hours.

    Equally, prohibits the use of probiotics in industrial shrimp production.

  • The bill prohibits keeping non-human animals in overcrowded or isolated conditions. Another section of the bill specifies that it prohibits any type of permanent confinement of animals in confined spaces such as conventional cages, gestation cages, battery cages, enriched cages, combined systems or other similar ones.

    It also prohibits the sale in public spaces of raw milk extracted directly from animals, including cow’s milk.

  • Does it prohibit the import of wool?

    The bill proposes to prohibit the marketing, importation or industrial production of products containing feathers or hair of non-human animals.

  • The bill prohibits keeping non-human animals in overcrowded or isolated conditions. Another section of the bill specifies that prohibits all types of confinement permanent animal in small spaces such as conventional cages, gestation cagesbattery cages, enriched cages, combined systems or similar.

    And the project prohibits the supply of antibiotics or antimicrobials subtherapeutic, additive or growth promoter to non-human animals.

 
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