These are the medications that aggravate the effects of heat on health

These are the medications that aggravate the effects of heat on health
These are the medications that aggravate the effects of heat on health

The General Council of Official Colleges of Pharmacists (CGCOF) has recalled this Friday that some medications aggravate the effects of heat on health, such as diuretics, anti-inflammatories or antidepressants, and has appealed to a correct conservation of up to 7,500 presentationshalf of those marketed.

The CGCOF has launched this warning coinciding with the increase in thermometers in Spain, Therefore, he has wanted to give a series of recommendations that must be followed to avoid the impact of high temperatures on health.

On the one hand, it points out that there are drugs that can promote dehydration or loss of electrolytes, such as diuretics; others affect kidney functionsuch as anti-inflammatories, and there are also some that interfere with the body’s heat loss mechanisms, such as antihistamines or Parkinson’s treatments.

In addition, painkillers such as tramadol or antipsychotics For schizophrenia, they can directly increase body temperature. On the other hand, pharmacists explain that half of the drug presentations sold in Spain – 7,500 out of 15,000 – require special caution during a heat wave.

Especially those that require being kept in the refrigerator, such as those indicated for the treatment of diabetes or vaccines, which in Spain sells more than 1,000 presentationsOf these, 400 are dispensable in community pharmacies and the rest are for hospital use.

In these cases, they recommend using a portable refrigerator to transport them home and keep them at the indicated temperature –between 2 and 8 degrees-, using them as soon as they have been taken out of the refrigerator, especially during these times when travel increases.

For vaccines that must be kept in the refrigerator, the procedure is the same: among the hundreds available in pharmacies, there are some anti-flu vaccines, indicated against hepatitis B o C or against rotavirus, which is one of the main causes of severe diarrhea in children under five years of age.

Recommendations for the use and conservation of medicines and vaccines are included in their prospectus, so the CGCOF emphasizes the following:The importance of reading them before using themas well as asking the pharmacist if in doubt, especially regarding products that require special storage, whether cold or at a temperature below 20 or 30 degrees.

Those that must be kept below 25 or 30 degrees – which includes creams, ointments, gels, suppositories and ovules – have an upper tolerance limit; Exceeding these temperatures occasionally has no consequences. on its stability or its qualitybut storage conditions must be monitored.

For example, in creams or ointments, phase separation can occur, in which the medicine no longer has a homogeneous appearance and can distinguish an aqueous or semi-solid part; in the case of ovules or suppositories, they may soften. In these cases, it is recommended to avoid using them.

Likewise, studies of medicines that do not carry any special mention of conservation show that they do not degrade when exposed to temperatures of 40 degrees for six months.

The CGCOF has launched the campaign Summer care 2024which stresses the importance of using proper sun protection; in this regard, it points out that oral sunscreens will never replace topical sunscreens, but rather are a complement that allows for deeper and more comprehensive sun protection.

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