the ship that studies the dark universe captures new color portraits of the cosmos

The European ship launched almost a year ago to study the dark universe, has offered new portraits of the cosmos in full color and the first scientific data

Euclid, the spacecraft launched almost a year ago to study the dark universe, this Thursday offered five new full-color portraits of the cosmos. In a presentation made at the Space Astronomy Center (ESAC), those responsible for this mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) have also shared the first scientific data from the Euclid mission, grouped into 10 investigations that will be published soon. These include a new image of the star formation Messier 78, the galaxy cluster Abell 2390, the galaxy NGC 6744, the galaxy cluster Abell 2764 and the Dorado group of galaxies.

“The images and scientific findings obtained They are impressively diverse in terms of objects and distances observed. They include a variety of scientific applications, yet represent only 24 hours of observations. They are just a sample of what Euclid can do. We are looking forward to receiving data for the next six years,” said Valeria Pettorino, ESA’s Euclid project scientist.

Last November, ESA showed the first images obtained by this spacecraft designed to discover the secrets of dark matter and energy, which according to astronomers’ estimates, constitute 95% of the Universe even though we cannot observe them directly. .

On that occasion, Euclid portrayed the Perseus galaxy cluster, the spiral galaxy IC 342, the irregular galaxy NGC 6822, the globular cluster NGC 6397, and the Horsehead Nebula.

Only 5% of the composition of the universe is ordinary or visible matter, like the stuff we are made of. To try to clarify the nature of that 95% of matter that is not visible to the human eye, the spacecraft observes how dark matter and energy influence the Universe, analyzing the movements, distances and shapes of billions of galaxies in a radius of 10 billion light years. The result will be the largest 3D map of the universe, covering 10 billion of the history of the cosmos.

The telescope, designed to operate for at least six years, works from a place called the second Lagrangian point (L2) of the Sun-Earth system that is located at a distance of 1.5 million kilometers in the opposite direction from the Sun.

 
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