With the help of satellites, NASA seeks to protect jaguars, tigers and elephants | News

As human populations grow, habitat loss becomes an increasing threat to numerous animal species, including big cats such as tigers and jaguars. To address this problem, NASA has launched an effort to use satellite technology to help protect these vulnerable creatures.

Green conservation efforts focus on track and protect threatened habitats of jaguars and other big cats using space technology and NASA satellites play a crucial role in the wildlife habitat mappingallowing scientists to monitor areas that would be logistically challenging to study from the ground. Tigers, jaguars and elephants are just some of the vulnerable species whose habitats NASA is helping to track from space.

While tigers have lost a large portion of their historic range, with an 11% decline in their known habitat since 2001, jaguars also face a critical situation. In the last century, jaguars They have lost about 50% of their range.

This loss has been aggravated by deforestation and poaching, so wild jaguars number between 64,000 and 173,000 individuals, which is why the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified them as almost threatened.

In the Gran Chaco, the second largest forest in South America, jaguars and other important animals face a particular threat. Deforestation has drastically reduced their habitat, but thanks to data collected by NASA satellites, researchers can identify priority areas for conservation of these felines.

Using satellite technology and data on land use and infrastructure, NASA-funded researchers have mapped priority conservation areas for jaguars. Around the 36% of these areas In the Argentine Chaco they are currently “low protection” areas, where deforestation is allowed.

“Managers and conservationists could use the new spatial information to see where current forest zoning is protecting key animals and where it may need reassessment.”explained Sebastian Martinuzzi, lead author of the study and professor at the University of Wisconsin in Madison.

Using satellite data provided by NASA not only helps track jaguar habitats, but also allows conservationists to identify areas that could be restored to create new habitats suitable for these big cats. This innovative approach offers hope that, with proper management and concerted effort, a safer future can be ensured for jaguars and other endangered species.

 
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