Taiwan faces a new chapter in its history with the priority of preserving its sovereignty

Taiwan faces a new chapter in its history with the priority of preserving its sovereignty
Taiwan faces a new chapter in its history with the priority of preserving its sovereignty

Front page ” Live last minute » Taiwan faces a new chapter in its history with the priority of preserving its sovereignty

Taipei, May 19 (EFE).- The elected president of Taiwan, William Lai (Lai Ching-te), will take office this Monday with the aim of maintaining the status quo of the island in its relationship with China, which has not resigned to the use of force to achieve “national reunification.”

After serving as vice president of the current president, Tsai Ing-wen, Lai will take the reins of a territory that in the last eight years has distanced itself from China to get closer to the United States and its allies in the region, which has caused a resurgence of Beijing’s speech and actions against Taipei.

During a recent farewell party at the Taiwanese Presidential Office, the elected president once again ratified the course in foreign policy, security and defense set by Tsai and promised that he would seek a “sustainable peace” with China, whose authorities have described Lai of “secessionist” and “troublemaker.”

Irreconcilable positions?

Since the elections last January, in which he won with 40% of the votes, Lai has reiterated on several occasions his offer of dialogue to China without “previous political conditions”, on the basis that the Republic of China (official name of Taiwan) is a sovereign country and its future must be decided by its inhabitants.

Defined himself as a “pragmatic worker for Taiwan independence” in the past, the 64-year-old politician has moderated his speech to the point of profiling himself as a supporter of the current status quo, understanding that it is not necessary to declare independence because Taiwan is already , de facto, an independent country under the name of the Republic of China.

This position is in line with the US, Taiwan’s main ally in the event of a conflict with China, which opposes the island’s formal independence and any “unilateral change” to its status quo.

The People’s Republic of China, for its part, maintains that any official contact with Taipei must be carried out on the basis of the “1992 Consensus” and the “one China principle”, by which the Beijing Government is considered the sole representative legitimate of China in the world and to the island, governed autonomously since 1949, as an “inalienable part” of Chinese territory.

This week, the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council (Executive) of China expressed its “concern” about the “intransigent stance” of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), to which Lai and Tsai belong, “towards independence” from Taiwan, and announced “legal measures to severely punish those involved in separatist activities.”

“We will not tolerate, indulge, or remain passive in the face of such actions,” said bureau spokesperson Chen Binhua.

The inauguration speech

The investiture ceremony, which will be attended by eight heads of state and government from countries that maintain diplomatic relations with Taiwan, will officially begin at 8:45 local time (00:45 GMT) on Monday with Tsai’s greetings to the guests. foreigners, giving way to the inauguration of Lai and his vice president, Hsiao Bi-khim, at 9:00 a.m.

According to a senior security official cited by the state news agency CNA, Lai will deliver a speech similar to the one on election night and organized into four pillars: stability, trust, responsibility and solidarity.

In his speech, which will last around 25 minutes, Lai will underline the incoming Administration’s commitment to preserving the status quo in the Taiwan Strait and “working with all parties to prevent its erosion,” while asking the people Taiwanese to remain “united in solidarity” in the face of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) attempts to divide society.

The new president will also emphasize the need to promote policies that “help raise the international profile of Taiwan”, whose participation in international forums is strongly restricted by China’s veto, and will emphasize that the island will continue to “make contributions” to resolve global challenges.

Possible actions from China

Taiwan’s intelligence agencies have been studying China’s possible moves around the presidential inauguration for weeks, which could include carrying out new military maneuvers in the Strait.

“The Army will comply with all combat readiness requirements before and after May 20 and will pay attention to CCP actions that harm regional peace and stability,” Deputy Defense Minister Po Horng-huei said on May 8. May.

The Asian giant already showed muscle this week: the Taiwanese Government detected on Wednesday the presence of 45 Chinese military aircraft in the vicinity of the island, the highest number since September of last year.

Javier Castro Bugarín

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