NASA launched a rocket to study the impact of climate change on the Earth’s poles | News Today |

NASA launched a rocket to study the impact of climate change on the Earth’s poles | News Today |
NASA launched a rocket to study the impact of climate change on the Earth’s poles | News Today |

The satellite – which is the size of a shoe box and was launched by a private company Rocket Lab – is part of a mission called Prefire (Polar Radiant Energy Experiment in the Far Infrared).

Photo: NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the US space agency, recently launched a satellite that has the mission of improving climate change studies by measuring, for the first time, the heat escaping from the Earth’s poles.

“This new information, which we have never had before, will improve our ability to model what is happening at the poles and what is happening in the climate,” indicated NASA Earth Science Research Director Karen M. St. Germain.

The satellite – which is the size of a shoe box and was launched by a private company Rocket Lab – is part of a mission called Prefire (Polar Radiant Energy Experiment in the Far Infrared), which seeks to measure the energy radiated from the Earth’s poles to provide clues about the loss of sea ice, the melting of ice sheets and the warming of the Arctic. This region serves as the planet’s thermostat, as it has the function of regulating the climate by ventilating the excess energy that arrives from the tropics.

“This process in the Arctic is essential because it helps balance the excess heat received in tropical regions and regulate the Earth’s temperature,” Tristan L’Ecuyer, a mission researcher affiliated with the Arctic, explained to Phys.org. the University of Wisconsin at Madison. And the process of bringing heat from tropical regions to polar regions is actually what drives our entire climate on the planet.”

Before having this tool, the Climate models used to measure heat loss through theoretical calculations rather than actual observations. Now it will be possible to estimate more precisely how clouds, humidity and the melting of ice in water affect the loss of energy at the poles.

With these tools, it is expected to improve the ability to simulate sea level rise in the future, and cHow climate change will affect weather systems on the planet.

 
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