Trump’s immunity, the abortion pill and other expected Supreme Court decisions that could change the country

Trump’s immunity, the abortion pill and other expected Supreme Court decisions that could change the country
Trump’s immunity, the abortion pill and other expected Supreme Court decisions that could change the country

And the high court enters the final weeks of the session with a good part of the cases heard this year still undecided: specifically, 29 of 61, reported the AP agency.

No Supreme Court legislature in the recent past has presented so many cases with the potential to transform American society, says a newspaper analysis The New York Times. In fact, while Normally the Court usually finishes its work by the end of June, this year the magistrates anticipate that it will be extended to July.

Here we tell you about some of these pending cases, which could see a ruling in the coming days or weeks.

1. The immunity of Trump and former US presidents

The magistrates you have already heard the arguments of the case. The former president defended that this accusation against him should be dismissed since former presidents are immune from being prosecuted for official acts they carried out while in office.

The Supreme Court has previously ruled that former presidents cannot be sued in civil cases for what they did while in office, but so far it has not ruled on criminal immunity.

A legal precedent in this case is the Supreme Court’s decision in 2020, by 7 votes to 2, that then-President Trump did not have the right to block the disclosure of his financial records as part of a criminal investigation.

“No citizen, not even the president, is categorically above the common duty to present evidence when requested in a criminal proceeding,” Chief Justice John Roberts wrote at the time.

The court’s decision will determine whether Trump will face trial for his attempts to overturn his 2020 loss at the polls. and when, although it is likely that, even if the trial proceeds, it will not occur before the November elections, in which Trump must run as the Republican Party candidate.

According to a ScotusPoll survey, 74% of Americans believe that the country’s former presidents should not be immune for actions they took while in office.

2. Access to the abortion pill mifepristone

Abortion opponents seek to limit access to the abortion pill mifepristone and asked the Supreme Court to reverse changes to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines that make it easier to obtain the drug, one of two used in almost two-thirds of the abortions that were performed last year in the US, according to the AP.

The conflict, specifically, refers to changes that the FDA implemented, allowing mifepristone to be prescribed electronically and sent by mail, in addition to being dispensed in physical pharmacies.

On March 26, the judges heard the arguments in the case, and indicated that they were unlikely to limit access. A ruling is expected this month.

The second abortion case will decide whether the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), which states that hospitals must provide emergency medical care to any patient whose life or health is in serious danger, overturns Idaho state law that imposes a near-total ban on abortion.

3. The ‘obstruction’ for the Capitol attackers

In a case that could also affect Trump, the Supreme Court must decide whether prosecutors can use the federal ‘obstruction’ statute to charge the January 6, 2021, Capitol stormers.

A former Pennsylvania police officer is questioning the validity of obstruction charges brought against him and hundreds of the stormers at the Capitol that day. In previous rulings, the Supreme Court has used this statute primarily for cases of public corruption and white-collar crimes, such as destroying documents required in investigations.

Donald Trump faces the same charge of obstruction of an official proceeding in both his Washington trial over his attempts to overturn the election.

4. Two cases on firearms

In this case, the justices will have to decide whether the federal law that criminalizes the possession and carrying of weapons by people accused of domestic violence violates the Second Amendment.

This case is preceded by another ruling by the Supreme Court in 2022, which ruled in favor of the New York State Rifle and Pistol Association and annulled a law in that state that imposed significant restrictions on carrying firearms outside the workplace. home.

Regarding weapons, the court will also decide on another ban, initiated by former President Trump during his term, which eliminated the use of so-called ‘bump stocks’, devices that can convert legal semi-automatic weapons into real illegal machine guns, which They can fire up to 800 projectiles per minute.

5. The right of homeless people to sleep on the street

This case—Grants Pass v. Johnson—is challenging an Oregon city’s ordinance that prohibits sleeping or camping on public property.

The city began fining people who did so $295, and these fines could turn into criminal penalties; but the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, based in San Francisco, annulled the measure, considering that prohibiting homeless people from camping outdoors, without being able to offer shelter beds, was cruel and unusual punishment.

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