María Catalina Echevarría and her contribution to the creation of the Argentine flag

Every June 20 we forget to say another name, that of María Catalina Echevarría, the person responsible for making that first light blue and white cloth.


Every June 20, Manuel Belgrano is remembered, his name is repeated and his story is told.

Without a doubt, it is essential to do so because he was a man of powerful ideas and a strong commitment to Independence.

But every June 20th he forgets to say another name: that of María Catalina Echevarríathe person responsible for making that first light blue and white cloth.

María Catalina was the daughter of Basque immigrants. She met Belgrano through her brother, Vicente Anastasio de Echevarría, a man of active political participation at the time.

In 1812, the Echeverría family hosted Belgrano in their house, in the then Villa del Rosario, where he had arrived to inaugurate a small fort to contain the advance of the royalists.

Given the need to have a distinctive symbol for its troops, Belgrano asked María Catalina to make the first national flag, white and light blue with golden threads.according to the colors of the cockade.

The work took five days and was carried out with the collaboration of two neighbors whose names, once again, have been forgotten.

María Catalina Echevarría not only made the national flag. She also attended the swearing-in ceremony on the banks of the Paraná, even though it was not common for women to participate in military ceremonies.

In this way, he entered history although year after year people insist on forgetting his name.

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