Trump’s shadow dominates global summits

Trump’s shadow dominates global summits
Trump’s shadow dominates global summits

Republican candidate Donald Trump

donald trump reiterates and insists with his criticism of the Ukrainian governmentwhen he tries to maintain and add support in the face of the imminent Russian offensive in the northern summer.

On June 16, the day on which the 50th G7 Summit was being held in Italy, and the Ukraine Peace Summit in Switzerland, the former US president said at an event held in Michigan, with his African-American supporters: “Zelensky He is the best salesman of all time. Every time he comes to the United States he leaves with sixty billion dollars, and every time he comes home he says he needs sixty billion. “It’s something that never ends.” The Republican candidate pledged to resolve the issue as president-elect, “even before taking office.” He maintained that the United States should be concerned about “its border with Mexico, not about other countries,” exalting the anti-immigration attitude of the popular sectors.

He also expressed that if he had been in the White House there would have been no conflict, neither in Ukraine nor in Gaza. This position that he made explicit and that was applauded by his voters, increases concern within NATO, which is trying to create conditions that prevent a possible Trump government from forcing a negotiation to end the war between Russia and Ukraine.

This became evident at the G7 Summit held in southern Italy, in which it was resolved to allocate the three billion dollars annually left as interest on the approximately three hundred billion seized from Russia by the countries of Ukraine for assistance to Ukraine. NATO. Through financial engineering, the United States and its allies seek to generate a loan of thirty billion on said interests over ten years.

The document from this Summit anticipated the line they will take to the next NATO Summit, saying that limits are necessary on those who help Russia, such as Iran, China, North Korea and Venezuela.

But this strategy to neutralize Trump in the face of the war in Ukraine has as its central point of reference the NATO Heads of Government Summit which will take place in Washington from July 9 to 11. At this meeting the new Secretary General of NATO will be appointed. Norwegian Jens Stoltenberg’s term ends on October 1. The chosen one was the former Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban had refused to endorse his appointment, which requires the unanimity of the thirty-two members of the military alliance. Orban obtained written assurances that his country will not be forced to participate in new plans to provide support to kyiv, either with military personnel or funds. The commitment had been assumed by the current Secretary General of the alliance Jens Stoltenberg, but the Hungarian leader wanted his successor to also assume it, as he finally did.

In a June 19 press conference with the US Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken, Stoltenberg said that “China cannot have it all. “She cannot continue to have a normal trade relationship with European countries and at the same time fuel the biggest war we have seen in Europe since World War II.” And he added: “We see how much military support Russia receives from North Korea, but also from Iran, and how China is propping up its war economy. And this is also one of the reasons why at the NATO Summit we will further strengthen our partnership with our partners in the Asia-Pacific region: Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and Japan.”

Joe Biden and Volodymyr Zelensky

A central theme in NATO’s actions to neutralize possible actions by Trump to stop the war is compliance with the agreement to allocate 2% of GDP to defense. This is a commitment made by NATO countries ten years ago, at the Summit that took place in Wales. At that time, only four countries out of the thirty that comprised it met this goal. Biden has said that since he came into office, the number of countries fulfilling the commitment has doubled.

But Stoltenberg, in a presentation he gave on June 17 at the Wilson Center based in the US capital, calculated – without precision about the methodology – that currently twenty-three of the thirty-two NATO countries are complying with this commitment. Those that allocate the highest percentage of their GDP to defense are the United States, Poland, Greece and the United Kingdom. The one that allocates the least is Spain: only 1.28%. This is followed by Luxembourg and Slovenia with 1.29%, and Belgium, which allocates 1.30%. It should be noted that Trump has said several times that if he wins he will withdraw from countries that do not comply with this requirement the security guarantee of Article 5 of NATO, which establishes that all its members will militarily support any member that is attacked by another outsider. to the alliance. This would be the end of NATO, whose central objective is common defense.

The Ukraine Peace Summit, convened by President Zelensky, showed modest or limited results. It took place between June 10 and 14 in Switzerland. Delegations from ninety-two countries attended, slightly less than the approximately two hundred that are recognized as states. More than half of the delegations were led by Heads of Government. All of the G7 (whose Summit was held simultaneously between June 13 and 15) did so, with the exception of the United States, which weakened the meeting (Biden attended a meeting in his country with Hollywood celebrities to raise funds campaign).

Both Russia’s allies and other countries trying to adopt a neutral position did not attend. As expected, Chinese President Xi Jinping did not attend. The argument of these countries was that without the presence of Russia it made no sense to hold a peace meeting, because it could not reach any concrete result. The Summit issued a declaration of support for Ukraine’s claim to recover all its territories occupied by Russia since 2014, including the Crimean peninsula.

But twelve of the countries present did not sign it. This was the position adopted by Brazil and Mexico – the two most populated countries in Latin America -; India and Indonesia – the first and third countries with the most inhabitants in Asia -; Neither did the two most important economies of the Gulf Monarchies, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, nor Bahrain. From Africa, South Africa and Libya did not sign, and from the former Soviet republics, Armenia. It should be noted that Brazil, India and South Africa make up the BRICS Group along with Russia and China.

In conclusion: Trump once again ratified his decision to quickly end the war in Ukraine if he is elected president, while NATO seeks to create a situation that prevents him from doing so. The decisions taken by the NATO Heads of Government Summit that will meet in Washington will be dominated by this conflict.

 
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