They issue a diagnosis on gender gaps in the world of work

They issue a diagnosis on gender gaps in the world of work
They issue a diagnosis on gender gaps in the world of work

During the last two decades there have been no changes in the global activity rate of people between 25 and 54 years of age; However, the breakdown by gender confirms the persistence of important differences, revealed the International Labor Organization (ILO).

Since 2004, he specified, women have made some marginal progress, increasing their activity rate by 1.1 percentage points to reach 64.5 percent in 2023, but in the case of men the indicator was 92 percent. despite the decrease of 1.1 percentage points throughout the period.

One might think that living in an extended family would alleviate mothers’ responsibilities in caring for young children, but in both high- and low-income countries, the opposite trend is observed.

Women in extended families with young children have lower labor participation rates than those in households formed by a couple, the ILO argued.

Therefore, it is not possible to generalize that the couple or extended family configuration is more conducive to the incorporation of women into the economically active population.

On the other hand, for single-parent families, especially single mothers, joining the labor market is not optional; since they are, in general, the only ones who take care of the economic support of themselves and their children.

This economic necessity often forces single mothers to deviate from traditional gender norms: worldwide, the activity rate of single mothers with young children is 71 percent, three percentage points higher than that of women without small children, the publication argued.

Gender differences in labor market participation across different income groups and family types highlight two key points: first, the gender gap increases with the presence of young children in couples and extended families. all income groups.

Secondly, although young children and the responsibilities associated with childcare seem to explain a significant part of the gender gap in high-, upper-middle- and low-income countries, they do not explain it in its entirety, the agency confirmed. of the United Nations.

Meanwhile, he specified, in lower-middle-income countries, even the labor force participation of women without small children remains quite low, and the gender gap is excessively high.

To reduce gender gaps in labor participation among families with young children, countries can improve access to adequate, accessible, quality and affordable childcare, and offer paid parental leave to both parents, the ILO suggested.

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