A mysterious “L”-shaped structure found near the Egyptian pyramids of Giza baffles scientists

A mysterious “L”-shaped structure found near the Egyptian pyramids of Giza baffles scientists
A mysterious “L”-shaped structure found near the Egyptian pyramids of Giza baffles scientists

The investigation has identified an “anomaly” that consists of an L-shaped surface structure (shutterstock).

A recent discovery in Giza Western Cemetery, Egypt, has caught the attention of the international community after a joint research team revealed the existence of a possible unknown underground structure. The team was made up of specialists from the Higashi Nippon International University, Tohoku University, the National Research Center of Japan and the Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG) in Helwan, Egypt.

The specialists used advanced ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) techniques between the years 2021 to 2023 to carry out their exploration. geophysics.

The research, which aims to clarify the unknowns of ancient Egypt, has identified a “anomaly” which consists of a structure superficial in “L” shape connected to a deeper chamber. According to data obtained through GPR and ERT, this structure, with dimensions of approximately 10 meters by 10 meters and located up to 2 meters below the surfaceappears to be filled with sand, suggesting that it was intentionally hidden after its construction.

Further down, approximately between 5 to 10 meters deep, an extensive anomaly characterized by its high electrical resistivity was detected by ERT, which suggests the presence of a different materialpossibly associated with ancient constructions or cavities.

The Western Cemetery of Giza has been the subject of exploration since the beginning of the 20th century (Europa Press)

The use of GPR and ERT in archeology It is not new, but the techniques have evolved significantly since the 1980s. “We have come to see these methods not only as tools for locating undiscovered artifacts or structures, but also for protecting and preserving our archaeological heritage.”said a member of the research team. The ability of these technologies to provide pseudo-3D visualizations of the subsurface has revolutionized the way we understand complex archaeological sites like Giza.

The Western Cemetery at Giza has been the subject of exploration since the beginning of the twentieth century, and although many of its mastabas —ancient tombs typical of the region— have been excavated, there are still uninvestigated areas. Precisely, the research team decided to focus on an apparently empty area, measured in 560 meters from east to west and 370 meters from north to souththat its surface showed no indications of protruding structures.

The mystery that surrounds the Western Cemetery is largely concentrated in a significant anomaly detected at its northern end. This finding extended beyond what conventional techniques would have allowed us to explore. “We believe that the continuity of the shallow structure and the large, deep structure is important,” the researchers stated, highlighting the relevance of their methodological synchronization.

The discovery, which is shaped like an “L”, could indicate “a large underground archaeological structure” REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh

The core of this discovery lies in the specific characteristics of the detected anomalies. The most prominent one, in the shape of an “L”, could indicate “a large underground archaeological structure”, possibly related to the majestic legacies of the ancient civilizations that inhabited the region. Additionally, ERT images, processed using advanced techniques such as RES2DINV software, helped clearly delineate areas with high resistance, suggesting the presence of distinct subsurface materials, such as limestone blocks or air conglomerates.

Institutional cooperation has been fundamental for the development of this project, which has the assistance of key figures from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, among them Dr. Ahmed Eissa and Dr. Mostafa Waziry, who facilitated research at this site of rich history. These collaborations, far from being mere formalities, represent a bridge between modern science and the enigmas of ancient civilizations, which open new paths for the understanding and preservation of cultural heritage.

The importance of the discovery lies in the demonstration of the effectiveness of modern technology in the preservation and study of cultural heritage (Getty Images)

The importance of the discovery does not lie solely in the potential identification of new structures within the very rich archaeological context of Egyptbut also in demonstrating the effectiveness of modern technology in the preservation and study of cultural heritage. Previous studies in the region, such as those carried out around the Queen’s pyramid or near the Sphinxhad already established the value of these methods in the detection of underground structures.

The results of this study expose the need for further exploration. “Prompt excavation is crucial to establish the purpose of these structures.“, noted one of the researchers, suggesting the possibility that the discovery could reveal unknown aspects of ancient civilization.

 
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