What will the “drone wall” be like that the NATO countries that share a border with Russia will deploy?

What will the “drone wall” be like that the NATO countries that share a border with Russia will deploy?
What will the “drone wall” be like that the NATO countries that share a border with Russia will deploy?

The six NATO countries bordering Russia They agreed to create adrone wall” that will allow it to protect its borders from provocations with the help of unmanned aerial vehicles. The news was reported by the Minister of the Interior of Lithuania, Agnè Bilotaiteto the agency BNS.

“This is something completely new: a drone border from Norway to Polandwhose objective would be to protect our border with the help of drones and other technologies,” he explained.

“Not only the physical infrastructure, the surveillance systems, but also the use of drones and other technologies that would also allow us to protect ourselves from provocations from non-friendly countries, and avoid smuggling,” he added.

For the so-called “drone wall”, participating states would use drones to monitor the border sectionas well as anti-drone systems that would stop drones used for smuggling and provocations from hostile countries, such as Russia or Belarus.

A man pulls a cart with parts from a Leonard drone outside a pavilion at the 30th International Defense Industry Exhibition in Kielce, Poland (REUTERS/Kacper Pempel)

According to Bilotaitė, Lithuania had already planned to strengthen border protection with the help of dronesas it has created an unmanned aerial vehicle unit in the State Border Guard Service and purchases of more drones and anti-drone systems are being made.

According to the minister, currently the states will evaluate what “homework” have to do and then, with the help of experts, the state institutions will prepare a plan for the implementation of the “drone wall”.

Of the 32 members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), six have borders with Russia: the three Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia)as well as Finland, Norway and Poland.

Since Russia began a full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, Finland and Sweden have entered NATO.

File photograph showing a group of guards at a point on the Texas (USA) border with Mexico (EFE/EPA/Adam Davis)

In 2019, it was reported that The United States worked with more than 30 technology companies that they were developing different surveillance systems that could become an alternative to the physical wall that the then president intended to build. donald trump on the border with Mexico.

Some border governments, such as that of Texasthey already used some of the tools used by the Army in war zonesfrom tethered airships called aerostatswhich cost around USD 8.9 million each, predator drones worth $16 million and equipped with radar strong enough to detect footprints in the sand.

Among other new technologies implemented by the different security forces that monitor the border were the laser lights used in driving cars that measure the distance to a target, machine learning software, Bluetooth and WiFi sensors that can measure the behavior and movement of a crowd.

A site report CNET He highlighted that the Department of Homeland Security was even in talks to fly smaller drones on night missions on the borders of the Marfa Airport in Presidio County, according to Airports Director Chase Snodgrass.

Called the RQ-7 Shadowmanufactured by AAI Corporation, this drone uses a series of cameras, lasers and radars to “locate, recognize and identify targets” up to 80 kilometers away. Then sends that information to a ground control station. The devices have been used in Iraq and Afghanistan.

It is not clear what the “drone wall” on the border that NATO countries share with Russia but there is speculation that it could come from this technology.

The Swedish JAS 39 Gripen E fighter jet flies over the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea (TT News Agency/Henrik Montgomery via REUTERS)

Leaders in the Baltic Sea region reacted cautiously this week to reports that Russia could review the limits of its territorial waters in the area, with Lithuania’s foreign minister saying it was a “obvious escalation” who should receive a “appropriately firm response”.

In the draft proposal reported by several Russian media, the Ministry of Defense suggests updating the coordinates used to measure the strip of territorial waters from its continental coast and that of its islands in the Baltic. The current ones were approved in 1985, according to the Ministry, which pointed out that “they are based on small-scale nautical navigation maps” and do not correspond to the “modern geographical situation”.

The document did not clarify whether the proposed changes would move the border or clarify it.

The Prime Minister of Sweden, Ulf Kristersson, said that Moscow once signed a United Nations convention that regulates how these types of changes are made. “Both we and Finland assume that Russia — which is a signatory party to that convention — fulfills that responsibility.“, he indicated, according to the Swedish news agency T.T..

If the Russians challenge the borders, “then Russia violates a UN convention, then Russia will have the whole world against it“, indicated the Finnish Foreign Minister, Elina Valtonenaccording to Finnish television YLE. However, he added that this was probably a routine act and not a provocation.

For his part, the president of Finland, Alexander Stubb, wrote on the social network X that Moscow has not contacted his country about it. “Finland acts as always: calmly and based on facts”, he stated.

Also in X, the Foreign Minister of Lithuania, Gabrielius Landsbergissaid the Kremlin was “trying to sow fear, uncertainty and doubt about their intentions in the Baltic Sea”. The latest advances by Russian troops in northeastern Ukraine have generated great concern in Lithuania.

(With information from agencies / Infographic: Marcelo Regalado)

 
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