work together to have a future

work together to have a future
work together to have a future

Cuba’s position regarding climate and development challenges has always been to safeguard the historical claims of southern countries, particularly those most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, with special emphasis on Small Island Developing States. (SIDS), like ours.

For the Greater Antilles, confronting this process in our nations is a great challenge, taking into account the tough battle to achieve sustainable development and eradicate poverty. A process, in turn, now irreversible and whose cause is the global warming produced by the industries of developed countries and the indiscriminate consumption of the richest sectors of the planet.

SIDS face serious impacts from a problem they did not cause. There are about 60 island nations – about 40 of them members of the United Nations – of low altitude, many almost at sea level, which group together more than a thousand islands, in the Caribbean, the Pacific, the Indian Ocean…

Some 65 million people live in these lands and shelter hundreds of thousands of species of flora and fauna, many of them endemic, while their human populations are among the most vulnerable and excluded on the planet.

The consensus of these islands dates back to the 1990s, when the Alliance of Small Island States (Aosis) was founded, aimed at uniting SIDS in common actions to confront global warming.

“Experts say that our Small Island Developing States will be the first to disappear as a result of climate change. Let’s talk and do what we can to avoid it while that possibility exists.”

Those were the opening words of the speech of the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Party and president of the Republic, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, at the Meeting of Heads of State and Government of the Aosis, within the framework of the General Assembly of the Organization of the United Nations (UN), which met virtually on September 22, 2021.

“It is time to stop the destruction of the environment caused by the irrational patterns of production and consumption of those who selfishly feel comfortable with the environment.” status quo.

“Developed countries must assume their responsibility in supporting efforts to achieve sustainable development for all peoples and preserve the planet from the threats that they themselves caused.”

“They can and they must!”, then claimed the Cuban president, who at the same time reaffirmed that despite “the restrictions of the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the Government of the United States, deliberately tightened in In times of pandemic, Cuba remains faithful to ‘its solidarity and humanist vocation’, and would continue ‘promoting cooperation in various spheres, particularly Health, and sharing our modest experiences in disaster risk reduction and confronting climate change. ‘”.

“Let’s work together to have a future! A future in which the aspirations of our people can be realized without the threat of disappearing due to the excesses of others hanging over our dreams,” was the final statement of that speech by Díaz-Canel.

Words that, together with the long history of solidarity and collaboration with the most urgent countries, led by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz and Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, continue to guide the position of Cuba, which these days will be represented by the Vice President of the Republic, Salvador Valdés Mesa, at the IV Conference on Small Island Developing States to be held in Antigua and Barbuda.

IV CONFERENCE ON SIDS

The conclave, organized by the United Nations, brings together more than five thousand delegates in Saint John, including senior officials from the UN and other international organizations, political leaders, academics, activists and other spokespersons who will work between May 27 and 30 in this Eastern Caribbean nation, host of one of the largest events that has been organized in these parts.

Under the motto “Charting the course towards resilient prosperity”, the IV Conference on Small Island Developing States has among its goals to agree on a new Program of Action, aimed at achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda.

At the Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992, Small Island Developing States – 38 UN members and 20 non-full members – were recognized as a group of Third World countries with specific social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities. In Program 21, emanating from that meeting, the commitment was made to address its sustainable development problems in a different way.

As a result of the Rio Summit, and as a follow-up to Agenda 21, in April 1994 the World Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island States was held in Bridgetown. The Barbados Program of Action for Small Island Developing States was then agreed, with priority areas and concrete measures to address the special problems of these nations.

The Plan noted that SIDS are especially vulnerable to the effects of global climate change, climate variability and sea level rise. Any rise in sea level will have important and profound effects on the economy and living conditions, and even the very survival of certain low-lying countries may be threatened, he noted.

In 1999 the matter would return to the highest level, at the 22nd Extraordinary Session of the UN General Assembly, which evaluated the implementation of the Barbados Program of Action.

As part of the follow-up given at the UN to this issue, without many concrete results, by the way, in January 2005 the International Meeting was held to examine the application of the Program of Action for the sustainable development of SIDS in Port-Louis (Mauritius), from which emerged the Mauritius Declaration and Strategy.

Another milestone would be the Third International Conference on SIDS, held in Apia, Samoa, in September 2014. The Samoa Pathway (Accelerated Modalities of Action for SIDS), a ten-year action program to promote international assistance to address the challenges faced by these States.

Its objective was the promotion of sustainable development and the eradication of poverty in these small nations based on three dimensions: environmental, economic and social.

It has been a long road that now reaches the IV International Conference in Saint John, Antigua and Barbuda.

For Cuba, which has ratified its commitment to guarantee the success of this event, the result of the IV Conference must be based on the Samoa Trajectory (2014), the Mauritius Strategy (2004) and the Barbados Program of Action (1994). .

STATES THAT MAKE UP THE GROUP OF SIDS

The Small Island Developing States group is made up of 38 UN Member States and 20 non-UN Member States/Associate Members of Regional Commissions.

UN Members: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Cape Verde, Comoros, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Grenada, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kiribati, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius , Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu , Vanuatu.

Non-members: American Samoa, Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, Cook Islands, Curacao, French Polynesia, Guadeloupe, Guam, Martinique, Montserrat, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Saint Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands.

 
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