The Darién region of Chocó was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO along with other regions in 11 countries. What does this mean?

The Darién region of Chocó was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO along with other regions in 11 countries. What does this mean?
The Darién region of Chocó was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO along with other regions in 11 countries. What does this mean?

05/07/2024

EIn the region known as the Darien Gap, northern Chocó It was officially designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. This recognition was formalized in Morocco during the 36th meeting of the International Coordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) of UNESCO, this Friday.

The new biosphere reserve extends between the municipalities of Acandi and Unguia, in the department of Chocó, covering a total of 301,625.46 hectaresdistributed over 185,371.5 terrestrial hectares and 116,254 marine hectares along the Gulf of Urabá.

It is vast territory, with more than 24,000 inhabitants, includes diverse and valuable ecosystems, such as turtle nesting beaches, mangroves, swamps, coral formations and rocky ecosystems.

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The recognition of this area as a biosphere reserve implies a commitment to the conservation of biodiversity and the preservation of ecosystems, while seeking innovative solutions for addressing climate change and improve the livelihoods of local communities.

The reserve, which is home to a population of 24,287 inhabitants, composed mainly of indigenous and Afro-Colombian peoples, Its aim is to promote sustainable agriculture and improve the marketing chain of agricultural products.

In addition, UNESCO detailed in its report the 11 new biosphere reserves in 11 countries, that in this region it is planned to promote a Community Ecotourism Plan, which promotes the economic and social development of the region through sustainable tourism.

The area also includes the Archaeological Park and Museum of Santa Maria la Antigua del Darien, that “tell the history of the region, which came to house one of the first Spanish settlements on the American continent, the city of Santa Maria la Antigua del Darien, Founded in the early 16th century“, UNESCO said.

With this designation, Darien Chocó joins the world network of UNESCO biosphere reserves following the request submitted by the Government in September 2023.

According to UNESCO, each biosphere reserve promotes local solutions in order to conserve biodiversity, preserve ecosystems and address climate change, while improving the livelihoods of the population.

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